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WHAT IS A NUCLEAR FAMILY & ITS BENEFITS?


  

Hi readers! We are here again with another episode on different types of the family system in India. In this series, we are going to cover different family systems in India i.e., small family, big family, nuclear family, joint family etc. We have already covered two topics among the topics mentioned above and it has been seen by more than 1 lakh+ viewers. If you are interested to read those blogs, here I am sharing the links of those two blogs as well.

In this blog, we are going to discuss, what is a nuclear family? its advantages & disadvantages and what is our thought on the concept of the nuclear family.

These days, the concept of the nuclear family is more prevalent in society and now the families prefer the nuclear family over the joint family. The next question is “what is the meaning of nuclear family”, so according to sociology & anthropology, the simplest meaning of the nuclear family is the parents’ child relationship consists of an adult couple and their children. Through these couples are usually male & female but now the definition of the nuclear family further expanded and added same-sex marriage as well. The child of the nuclear family not only includes their socially recognized children but also via biological offspring or adopted by a couple.
 

Benefits of Nuclear Family

Here are the benefits of the nuclear family. 

> Financial Stability

Having a nuclear family reduces the family expenditure substantially giving more financial stability which further creates more opportunities. Such families can afford more expenses on child education, healthy food & lifestyle, etc. According to the survey conducted, 57% of nuclear families are above the poverty line, and in that case, they can enjoy much more in their life and can opt for a good lifestyle too. In addition to this, children can uprise in their career if they get quality education & required resources that help them to crack better opportunities.

> Harmony & peace

Keeping harmony & peace in the family or within the house is very essential. It helps in promoting the optimum environment for human potential to flourish in all situations be it personal, social & economic. Conflict can arise in any family at any time, but it is necessary to be solved at the earliest to maintain the healthiest atmosphere in the family. Fewer members in the family mean fewer chances of conflict, thereby fewer chances of disturbance.

> Is it give better opportunity for them to have a good lifestyle?

The obvious answer to this question is yes. The possibility to achieve financial freedom is more in the nuclear family in comparison to joint family thereby enabling them to expense more on their lifestyle, food, child education, extracurricular activities, vacation, health, etc.

> More time & space for Women

In nuclear families, females have more time & space to enjoy their life. They can enjoy their spare time post performing their household duties. As the number of members in the nuclear family is fewer requiring fewer tasks to do, means more free time.

Small Family Happy family

The concept of a small family works well in nuclear families. As the parents have to bear all the responsibilities & expenses of raising children enabling them to have one or two children maximum.


Disadvantages of Nuclear Family

Here are the disadvantages of the nuclear family. 

> No Helping Hands

As we discussed earlier a nuclear family means adults & their children only, so the adults have to take care of everything. They are responsible for the nurturing of the child plus jobs, and household work too. They do not have much personal time and sometimes, they also become annoyed and irritate with their daily life routine.

> Hire Maid to take care their child

The next disadvantage of having a nuclear family is when to hire a maid for taking care of the children or leave them in the church if both parents work. In such situations, parents cannot be sure whether the nurturing of their kids happening properly or not.

> Insecurity at the Old Age

There is always insecurity in the nuclear family. As the parents grow older, and as they have followed the nuclear family concept indirectly teaching their children to opt for a nuclear family as well. If the parents do not have a retirement amount, they have to face problems in their 2nd innings (old age).   

> Child Insecurity in the nuclear family

As in nuclear families, parents have to take care of everything, so in such cases, they both work to uplift the living standards and in doing so, they are unable to give attention to their children. Owing to this, a child starts feeling abandon, socially isolated & alone and unknowingly sometimes they also join the company of wrong people that leads them to the wrong path.  

> Economical Losses

If you are part of a joint family, then there are several breadwinners or helping hands in the family that support each other and by their collective efforts, the family income rises upwards. Division of joint family into the nuclear family leads to the property division followed by the increase in the expenditure such as they have to buy all the resources individually for their livelihood be it the fridge, washing machine, TV, and many more.

> Conflict Resolution Skills

Conflicts are the part of parcel of each family, and it is inevitable. You cannot stop them completely whether you stay in the joint family or the nuclear family. There is an advantage of having a nuclear family as the fewer members in the family leads to fewer chances of misunderstanding but at the same time, there is a disadvantage too. When you have a joint family, then different persons bring different opinions & ideas that help in solving conflicts which is not possible in the nuclear family.

> No Support in the emergency time

Life is full of ups & downs, and we cannot predict “what is going to happen next”? It seems perfect in the nuclear family if everything goes in the right direction but sometimes one obstacle breaks the foundation of the nuclear family and put them into crisis.  

> Nuclear Family Crisis

Another disadvantage of nuclear families is the increasing number of divorces which is less likely to happen in a joint family. The future of a child is in a great dilemma if divorce occurs in the nuclear family. 

Read More at Social Posts

Why Small Family is happy Family? 

What are the advantages of small families?

What are the facts of World Population Day?

Conclusion

So far, we have seen about the nuclear family definition & its benefits & drawback. We will come with another post on joint family, and we will also compare joint family vs nuclear family, small family vs big family, etc. Post doing the research on all types of the family system in India, we will draw our conclusion.

That is all for this blog, we will see you soon in the next blog. Till then, goodbye & take care.

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WHAT ARE THE DENGUE SYMPTOMS ON BABIES?

Dengue-Symptoms-On-Babies

Prevention is better than cure and I am sure you are aware of this. In this blog, we are about to see the symptoms of dengue on babies, preventive measures & healthy tips for a speedy recovery.

Dengue is a viral disease that occurs due to the bite of a mosquito known as Aedes Aegypti. It is also called break-bone fever as the one who suffers from it feel severe pain in the body. It mainly spreads in monsoon season & in the tropical & sub-tropical areas that are more prone to this viral disease. It is mostly found in central & south America, parts of Africa & Asia, the Caribbean, and the Pacific.

 

Warning signs & dengue symptoms on babies

The dengue symptoms on babies are primarily asymptomatic in nature in almost 80% of cases and it normally takes 3~5 days to appear after the infection. Early detection is very important and here is the symptoms list that can help everyone for the early detection of dengue.

 

➦ Flu-like illness

In most cases, the dengue symptoms on babies begin with the negative effects linked to virus-related flu, for example, high-temperature fever, running nose tiredness, etc.

 

➦ Change in behaviour of the child

If a child infected with dengue, then there is a change in the body language of the baby. They will often weep and show irritation mostly, reduce in their sleeping time & appetite as well.

 

➦ Skin Problems

It is a very common symptom of dengue in babies that you will find rashes all over the body.

Dengue-Symptoms-On-Babies


➦ Bleeding from the Nose & Gum

Whenever a toddler suffers from dengue, then there is a sudden drop in the platelets count and owing to this, there is a drop in the blood clotting rate resulting in bleeding in the gums & nose. Read about complete oral health here.

 

Preventive measures to minimize the risk of dengue

Here are some preventive measures that can help to avoid dengue illness.

➦ If you notice any dengue symptoms on babies as defined above, go to the paediatrician, and take his recommendation as quickly as possible.

➦ These mosquitos are very active in the early morning & in the evening right before sunset. Ensure to put your infants inside the nets for sleeping in these times to avoid the risk of dengue infection.

➦ It is always advisable to cover the whole body of the babies and put on full sleeve shirt, paints, shocks, shoes, etc.

➦ Mosquito repellent lotions are a superb choice to keep away the mosquitoes from kids. Put these lotions at the uncover body parts and before applying this on your toddler, kindly take all precautionary measures.

➦ Do not keep any filled storage container of fresh water at your home because dengue mosquitoes produce very fast in the fresh and still water. 

➦ Reduce the outdoor playtime of your children in the high-risk dengue time particularly in monsoon and train them with diverse preventive measures to keep away from the threat of dengue.

➦ To keep dengue mosquitoes away from your house, it is recommended to burn coconut shells and neem leaves.

 

Healthy Tips for babies to fight Dengue

Here are some healthy tips that would help your babies to fight dengue.

➦ Give sufficient water and fluid to your child particularly the milk of goat, and gloy leaves.

➦ Healthy meals are equally important for your child.

➦ Proper sleeping is also required.

 

Final Words

As discussed above, there is no particular way to remedy dengue and still, researchers are seeking to develop some vaccine or medicinal drug to remedy this disease. Illness can never be good, and it will become even worse if a cure is not available. Preventive measures & the right information related to symptoms, safety measures, etc. could be only the solution for such diseases. Read about WHO Global Public Health Days

Stay healthy stay safe! Take care of yourself and near & dear ones.

 

Disclaimer

Whatever we have written in this post, our team have tried to do deep research and share all the relevant information here only for awareness. it is highly advisable to consult the doctor and take proper advice before opting some cure.


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DIGITAL EDUCATION IN RURAL INDIA


We have covered some stories on covid 19 and its impacts. The whole world has been severely hit by this pandemic & it is not ended yet. Check out the stories we have covered so far on this pandemic.

Here in this blog, we are going to see the role of Digital education in rural India.

Since 2020, the world has been suffering from covid-19 and yet we are not sure when it will be ended. Post 2nd wave, the 3rd wave is expected, and research is underway to understand what will happen post 3rd wave. The lifestyle of human beings has changed, and it has been impacted by covid adversely. The GDP of the whole world has shrunk, millions of job loss and death. Hardly is there any industry or individual which is not being impacted by this and the education industry among them.

Since last year, all the schools have been closed impacting child education. Thanks to digital education which helps in the continuation of education up to a certain extent but that is successful in the urban & metro cities. Can we think of the same success rate in rural area? There is hardly any reason to believe so. Imagine in an area where there is no ensured electricity supply, there are little or less modern mediums of communication, even families so financially distressed that they lack accessibility of food, Is digital education really a feasible option? Let us not forget that digital education needs decent internet coverage, a smartphone, and obviously enough electrical supply to operate these devices.

DIGITAL EDUCATION IN RURAL INDIA


There have been signs of progress in some villages, but the data is not sufficient enough to say whether India can actually go ‘completely digital’ in order to provide education to the impoverished and underprivileged children in India.

A maximum of the financially distressed families is going to be further entrapped in the vicious poverty cycle, merely because in these critical times, the policymakers have failed to actually deliver education to their children. Read about KNOW ABOUT CORONAVIRUS AND ITS EFFECTS IN DETAIL

 

Effects during the pandemic

Rural education had been drastically affected due to the coronavirus outbreak in both waves. There are numerous children who stand devoid of education during these harsh times. The famous mid-day meal scheme also acted as a huge boost to admission rates in rural schools and children received meals along with education. This ensured that rural children won battles against two fronts- Hunger and Illiteracy. The pandemic, however, has reduced the delivery rate of mid-day meals as well. Another issue is the lack of digital education of teachers. Teachers, especially in rural and semi-urban areas, face difficulties in instructing and teaching through the online medium. They also face technical issues, which would rather have never subsisted, if not for the online mode of education. These little interruptions accumulate to ultimately become enormous hindrances, which further the accessibility divide between the urban and rural children. Read about WHY DID CHILD MARRIAGE INCREASE IN COVID-19?

Oxfam India, a non-governmental organization, surveyed 1158 parents and 488 teachers across five states- Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Uttar Pradesh. The survey findings yield the following facts.

✅ The survey displays 35% of children did not receive mid-day meals.

✅ 53% of children received dry rations and only 8% of children received cooked meals.

✅ 84% of teachers reported facing problems while teaching through digital mediums.

✅ Only 20% of teachers were given orientation and minimal training for delivering online lectures.

✅ 80% of teachers in Uttar Pradesh and 67% of teachers in Chhattisgarh lacked adequate devices for online classes.

✅ 75% of parents faced problems like costly data, unstable internet, and lack of wi-fi services in order to accommodate online classes.

Clearly, these statistics show us how digital education in rural India is far away from a mission accomplished.

 

Examining the roots

It is true that crises like Coronavirus are unpredictable. However, it is also true that such crises put any nation’s existing infrastructure to test, be it healthcare, education, distribution systems, communications, etc.

India performed decently well in the healthcare sector during the first wave, considering demographics like population density, but the performance of the education sector in rural areas has been a drastic failure. This is because adequate steps had not been taken earlier to digitalize villages and towns, perhaps digital education was not ever considered in villages. The crises exposed this vulnerability of rural areas in reference to access to internet resources, specifically educational resources. The numerous planned policies without proper implementation on the ground level are as useless as a glass hammer. Like many websites, portals, digital libraries may be developed, but without a stable and speedy internet connection, and other basic requisites like digital knowledge and electricity, they are useless.

This further showcases the importance of efficient and effective infrastructure, or at least an improved infrastructure for rural areas, and certain towns and semi-urban areas. Read about HOW TO TRAIN YOUR INDUSTRY TO FIGHT CORONAVIRUS

 

Proposed Solutions

The aforementioned facts and arguments clearly indicate the slow and ineffective growth of digital education in rural India. It has to be acknowledged that certain parents and students even in the urban areas face difficulties with online classes. There are numerous problems that have been exposed during this time of the pandemic. The infrastructural growth is never going to occur overnight, but there are immediate measures that can be done to solve problems till the time the pandemic exists.

For instance, in areas where there are low infection rates, physical schooling shall start adhering to proper covid-prevention protocols. The students who are privileged enough shall be encouraged to donate their old books, and the government shall play a part as an intermediary to ensure these books reach the needy and underprivileged. These would ensure that the immediate problem of lack of Digital resources is solved. The mid-day meal scheme shall be revised and restarted as effectively and immediately as possible. Schools, when reopened, shall be thoroughly disinfected, and sanitized in order to create a safe environment. Washing sinks shall also be built at every place possible in schools so that children develop the important habit of washing hands during the pandemic.

In the long run, the government has to focus on providing digital education in rural India. They have to take initiatives to improve infrastructure, which helps the country in every time of crisis. Teachers shall be given special workshops for several methods of digital teaching. The government may even provide internet in villages at subsidized rates, and further, develop adequate infrastructure to support the same. Infrastructure in any country will always remain to be the mainspring of growth and development of its people. Hence, developing rural infrastructure along with effective policies shall pave the way for digital rural schools to become an actual reality. 

About Author

"Written by Moksh Bhatnagar, a first-year student at Unitedworld School of Law, Karnavati University.


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WHAT IS A NUCLEAR FAMILY & ITS BENEFITS?

What Is A Nuclear Family


Hi readers! We are here again with another episode on different types of the family system in India. In this series, we are going to cover different family systems in India i.e., small family, big family, nuclear family, joint family etc. We have already covered two topics among the topics mentioned above and it has been seen by more than 1 lakh+ viewers. If you are interested to read those blogs, here I am sharing the links of those two blogs as well.

In this blog, we are going to discuss, what is a nuclear family? its advantages & disadvantages and what is our thought on the concept of the nuclear family.

These days, the concept of the nuclear family is more prevalent in society and now the families prefer the nuclear family over the joint family. The next question is “what is the meaning of nuclear family”, so according to sociology & anthropology, the simplest meaning of the nuclear family is the parents’ child relationship consists of an adult couple and their children. Through these couples are usually male & female but now the definition of the nuclear family further expanded and added same-sex marriage as well. The child of the nuclear family not only includes their socially recognized children but also via biological offspring or adopted by a couple.

 
Benefits of Nuclear Family

Here are the benefits of the nuclear family.

 

> Financial Stability

Having a nuclear family reduces the family expenditure substantially giving more financial stability which further creates more opportunities. Such families can afford more expenses on child education, healthy food & lifestyle, etc. According to the survey conducted, 57% of nuclear families are above the poverty line, and in that case, they can enjoy much more in their life and can opt for a good lifestyle too. In addition to this, children can uprise in their career if they get quality education & required resources that help them to crack better opportunities.

> Harmony & peace

Keeping harmony & peace in the family or within the house is very essential. It helps in promoting the optimum environment for human potential to flourish in all situations be it personal, social & economical. Conflict can arise in any family at any time, but it is necessary to be solved at the earliest to maintain the healthiest atmosphere in the family. Fewer members in the family mean fewer chances of conflict, thereby fewer chances of disturbance.

> Is it give better opportunity for them to have a good lifestyle?

The obvious answer to this question is yes. The possibility to achieve financial freedom is more in the nuclear family in comparison to joint family thereby enabling them to expense more on their lifestyle, food, child education, extracurricular activities, vacation, health, etc.

> More time & space for Women

In nuclear families, females have more time & space to enjoy their life. They can enjoy their spare time post performing their household duties. As the number of members in the nuclear family is fewer requiring fewer tasks to do, means more free time.

> Small Family Happy family

The concept of a small family works well in nuclear families. As the parents have to bear all the responsibilities & expenses of raising children enabling them to have one or two children maximum.

What Is A Nuclear Family

 

Disadvantages of Nuclear Family

Here are the disadvantages of the nuclear family.

 

> No Helping Hands

As we discussed earlier a nuclear family means adults & their children only, so the adults have to take care of everything. They are responsible for the nurturing of the child plus jobs, and household work too. They do not have much personal time and sometimes, they also become annoyed and irritate with their daily life routine.

> Hire Maid to take care their child

The next disadvantage of having a nuclear family is when to hire a maid for taking care of the children or leave them in the church if both parents work. In such situations, parents cannot be sure whether the nurturing of their kids happening properly or not.

> Insecurity at the Old Age

There is always insecurity in the nuclear family. As the parents grow older, and as they have followed the nuclear family concept indirectly teaching their children to opt for a nuclear family as well. If the parents do not have a retirement amount, they have to face problems in their 2nd innings (old age).   

> Child Insecurity in the nuclear family

As in nuclear families, parents have to take care of everything, so in such cases, they both work to uplift the living standards and in doing so, they are unable to give attention to their children. Owing to this, a child starts feeling abandon, socially isolated & alone and unknowingly sometimes they also join the company of wrong people that leads them to the wrong path.  

> Economical Losses

If you are part of a joint family, then there are several breadwinners or helping hands in the family that support each other and by their collective efforts, the family income rises upwards. Division of joint family into the nuclear family leads to the property division followed by the increase in the expenditure such as they have to buy all the resources individually for their livelihood be it the fridge, washing machine, TV, and many more.

> Conflict Resolution Skills

Conflicts are the part of parcel of each family, and it is inevitable. You cannot stop them completely whether you stay in the joint family or the nuclear family. There is an advantage of having a nuclear family as the fewer members in the family leads to fewer chances of misunderstanding but at the same time, there is a disadvantage too. When you have a joint family, then different persons bring different opinions & ideas that help in solving conflicts which is not possible in the nuclear family.

> No Support in the emergency time

Life is full of ups & downs, and we cannot predict “what is going to happen next”? It seems perfect in the nuclear family if everything goes in the right direction but sometimes one obstacle breaks the foundation of the nuclear family and put them into crisis.  

> Nuclear Family Crisis

Another disadvantage of nuclear families is the increasing number of divorces which is less likely to happen in a joint family. The future of a child is in a great dilemma if divorce occurs in the nuclear family. 

Read More at Social Posts

Why Small Family is happy Family? 

What are the advantages of small families?

What are the facts of World Population Day?

Conclusion

So far, we have seen about the nuclear family definition & its benefits & drawback. We will come with another post on joint family, and we will also compare joint family vs nuclear family, small family vs big family, etc. Post doing the research on all types of the family system in India, we will draw our conclusion.

That is all for this blog, we will see you soon in the next blog. Till then, goodbye & take care.

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Who is the Viral Youtuber ‘African Kumar Sanu’?

Who does not recognize Popular Bollywood musician Kumar Sanu? But there is a guy nowadays called African Kumar Sanu. He has no resemblance in appearance to the real Kumar Sanu. Then why he is being called Kumar Sanu.



Yes, this guy named ‘African Kumar Sanu’ has gone viral. His YouTube channel recently also called 'Young Kumar Sanu'.

African Kumar Sanu sings his songs just like the real Kumar Sanu who does a lot of facial expressions while singing which the audience enjoys a lot about him.

He posted the popular Bollywood song 'Tip Tip Barsha' on his YouTube channel. The song has already been watched by more than 5 million people. A girl named Pooja Sarkar is seen singing with him in the song.

Meanwhile, the real identity of African Kumar Sanu has been revealed on social media. He has completed his studies in Mechanical Engineering at IIT Kharagpur. He lives in Pune, India.



Many are questioning why this person calls himself Kumar Sanu of Africa if he is a real resident of Pune in the comment box, He has revealed in an interview with Vishal Chaubey who is popular for his show Filmy Pathshala that his Parents came to India in 1914 since then they are settled in India, African Kumar Sanu is the 5th generation of his family living in India.  He has appeared in Indian Idol 10 and Zing Tv Yamaha Mission XPD. 

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ESSAY ON AIR POLLUTION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS IN ENGLISH

ESSAY ON AIR POLLUTION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS IN ENGLISH


Hey Guys! This is the 2nd blog of the essay series on pollution. In the last blog, we have seen different types of pollution, and this blog will be focused on a long & short essay on Air Pollution in English. This blog will help you guys to know more about Air Pollution & its harmful effects. It is very useful, and you can take reference from it if you write in school, colleges, competitive exams, etc. So, let us start.

Link of First Blog: https://www.socialposts.org/2021/04/essay-pollution-types.html

Before jumping on to the topic, I would like to start this blog with a question: “what is most important in life?”. Is it money or health or something else? Think for a couple of minutes and see what comes to your mind if you ask this question to yourself. What I assume for most of them, they will say money and if you are one of them, then you have been misled by it. 

What we believe, having good health, a nice atmosphere to live in and fresh air to breathe, nothing is more important than this, but due to the increasing population and various developmental projects have cost serious impact on the environment, especially in developing countries. Day by day air pollution is increasing due to various human activities. This increasing air pollution is causing various health problems.

 

What is Air Pollution

Air pollution is the presence of materials in the environment that can be hazardous to the well-being of people and other living creatures, or destructive to the environment. The measurement of air quality follows based on 8 parameters such as PM10, PM 2.5, nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, ammonia, and lead.

Here PM stands for “particular matter”. If the diameter of the particles suspended in the environment is less than 2.5 micrometres, then it is called PM2.5. Similarly, if the diameter of the particles suspended in the air is less than 10 micrometres, it is called PM10.

 

Causes of Air Pollution

The main source of Air pollution is solid and liquid particles and certain gases suspended in the air. These particles and gases may come from exhaust gases from cars, trucks, factories, dust, pollen, volcanoes, and forest fires. In the air, they are called aerosols. Air pollution occurs when solid and liquid particles called aerosols and certain gases enter the air. These particles and gases may be harmful to the health of the earth and ours too.

 
Where does the aerosol come from?

Any particle that enters the air or is formed by a chemical reaction in the air can be an aerosol. When we burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil and wood, many aerosols are released into the atmosphere. These particles can come from many sources, including exhaust from cars, factories and even forest fires. Some particles and gases come directly from these sources, while others are produced by chemical reactions in the air. Aerosols can also come from other places, such as volcanic ash, from volcanic eruptions. Dust, pollen, etc. are also examples of aerosols.

Most of the air pollution comes from burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gasoline to generate energy for electricity or transportation. The release of carbon monoxide in high concentrations indicates how much fossil fuel is being burned. This also emits other toxins. Industrial activities emit various pollutants into the air that affect air quality more than we do.

Particulate matter 2.5 and 10, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide are important pollutants emitted by industries that use coal and wood as the main source of energy for the manufacture of their goods.

Use of toxic products, also known as volatile organic compounds (VOC), inadequate ventilation, uneven temperature and humidity can all lead to indoor air pollution, whether you are in the office, school, or home, Air Pollution can be caused by ignorant factors, such as by smoking tobacco in a room or by untreated infected walls. Using wood stoves or space heaters can increase humidity, which in a short period of time can directly affect a person's health and lead to breathing problems. Sometimes it can even lead to chronic diseases.

Climate change not only increases forest fires but also increases air pollution. The burning of stubble and residues in agriculture is also an important contributor to forest fires. It causes an increase in PM 2.5 in the air, which collides with other harmful substances like chemical gas and pollen, creating smog.

In urban cities, vehicle pollution is the main contributor to air pollution. When your car burns gasoline, it emits pollutants into the air that is just as harmful as smoking 10 cigarettes a day. It emits carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. When vehicle pollution is high in the atmosphere, it creates a hole in the ozone layer, which contributes to smog and causes various health problems. Burning garbage outdoors is more harmful to your health and the environment than you might think.

 
What are the harmful effects of air pollution on human being and the environment?

✅ The most worrying effect of air pollution in according to scientists and environmentalist is global warming. Global warming is a direct consequence of the greenhouse effect caused by high levels of CO2 and methane being emitted into the atmosphere. Most of these emissions are caused by industry. This can be remedied with social responsibility and the action of companies and factories.

✅ Climate change is another consequence of global warming. When the temperature of the planet rises, the usual climatic cycles are disrupted, which apparently accelerates the changes in those cycles. climate change is causing the melting of ice and this further causes flooding and rising sea levels.

✅ The gases emitted by industry, power plants, boilers, heating, and transportation are very toxic, including sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), which are released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. When these substances accumulate and react with water in the atmosphere, they form dilute solutions of nitric and sulfuric acids. When these concentrations turn to rain, both the environment and the surfaces suffer.

✅ The smog effect takes place when a type of dark fog is concentrated over cities and fields, which is a pollution load and can be of two types: sulphurous smog and photochemical smog, both dangerous and unhealthy. The types of smog are a result of industrial and urban action. However, sulphurous smog mainly originated from the use of coal in many industrial processes, which has been reduced in the most advanced countries, but it remains a problem for developing & underdeveloped countries.

✅ Acid rain, climate change and smog are damaging the earth's surface, polluted water, and gases seep into the earth, changing the composition of the soil, which has a direct impact on agriculture, changing the cultivation cycles and the composition of the food we all eat.

✅ As the ice sheets melt at the poles and sea levels rise, many animal species are threatened whose survival depends on the oceans and rivers. Current climate change leads to ocean temperatures change, and then further change in migration cycles, and many animals are forced to forage in unfamiliar environments. For them, deforestation and poor soil quality also mean the disappearance of ecosystems and habitats and ultimately an imbalance in the behaviour of many wild species.

✅ It is probably one of the foremost obvious and worrying effects on human beings. Pollutants can cause respiratory illnesses and allergies starting from coughs to asthma, cancer, or emphysema.

 

Precaution to be taken to prevent Air Pollution.

✅ Save energy - at home, at work, anywhere.

✅ Look for the ENERGY STAR label when purchasing equipment for a house or office.

✅ Carpool, public transport, or on foot whenever possible.

✅ Consider purchasing "spill-proof" portable gasoline containers if available.

✅ Shred or compost leaves and garden waste.

✅ Use environmentally safe paints and various cleaning products if possible.

✅ Reduce or eliminate the use of fireplaces and wood stoves.

✅ Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.

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WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021 THEME

Hi Guys! we are back again with another interesting blog and this time; it’s related to the theme & poster of WED 2021. We have been celebrating WED for many years, but we could not understand the importance of the environment. The whole world has been suffering from coronavirus since last year and this pandemic has realized the importance of the environment especially oxygen in human life. Development is cool and it should be there every time but not at the expense of the environment. The environment should be above all and we should have the philosophy of environment first.

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021 THEME


If we see the current covid situation, it has become worse in the several parts of the world especially in America, India, Britain, etc. In India, the medical infra is suffering due to the shortages of oxygen and it is known to everyone that we get it free from plants. The shortage of oxygen has realized us the importance of plants in our life. The chaos due to the shortage of oxygen made us think about the way we cut trees in the name of development. We should punish those who illegally cut trees to earn profit without thinking of humanity.

Let us pledge together that this environment day we will plant a tree for our future generation, and one more thought here, that planting of trees is not sufficient, small plants need nourishment like baby kids. While planting trees, you should promise yourself, that "I will take care of this plant whole life". There is no need to celebrate WED if it is not in your DNA. We should stop this hypocrite if we are not cautious about the environment. If you are reading further this post, I am assuming that you are a nature lover and at the end of this blog, I am going to share 10~15 tips that you must follow and serve the motherland.  Writing, reading & taking selfies around the trees is not sufficient, start serving the motherland. We are already too late and if we still did not stop, you can’t save your existence.


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PREVIOUS YEARS WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY THEMES LIST

 
WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021

World environment day is celebrated every year on 5th June. It is celebrated to create awareness about the environment and encourage to take action to protect the environment. Almost 100 countries participate in environment day. It is the United Nations’ flagship day to promoting international recognition and movement for the environment. Over the years, it has grown to be the most important international platform for environmental public outreach and is well known with the aid of using hundreds of thousands of human beings throughout the world.

THEME OF WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021


This year Pakistan will host world environment day in partnership with the UN environment program. Under Prime Minister Imran Khan, the Government of Pakistan – in one of the world’s maximum bold afforestation efforts – plans to increase and repair the country’s forests through a 10 billion tree tsunami unfold over five years. The marketing campaign consists of restoring mangroves and forests, in addition to planting timber in city settings, which include schools, colleges, public parks, and green belts. Pakistan has released an Ecosystem Restoration Fund to guide nature-primarily based answers to weather alternate and facilitate the transition in the direction of environmentally resilient, ecologically centered tasks protecting afforestation and biodiversity conservation.

This year’s observance of World Environment Day will be on the topic of ‘ecosystem restoration and attention to resetting our relationship with nature. It may also mark the formal release of the UN decade on ecosystem restoration 2021-2030

Being the host of World Environment Day, Pakistan will highlight environmental issues and showcase the country’s initiatives and its role in global efforts. The day will be celebrated across the world through various events and activities, in line with the latest COVID-19 regulations.


WHAT IS THE ECOSYSTEM?

The ecosystem is the structural and useful unit of ecology wherein the living organisms interact with every different and encompassing environment. In different words, an ecosystem is a series of interactions among organisms and their environment. The term “Ecosystem” was first coined by A.G.Tansley. There are two types of ecosystem terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem. A land-based ecosystem is known as a terrestrial ecosystem. The terrestrial ecosystem is further distributed and divided into various geological zones. They are as follows forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, tundra Ecosystem, and desert ecosystems ecosystem present in water bodies is known as an aquatic ecosystem. It is further dived into the freshwater ecosystem and marine ecosystem. When we talk about the structure of the ecosystem it split into biotic and abiotic. All the life in the ecosystem is known as biotic components, while all the non-living component of an ecosystem is known as abiotic components. The major functions of the ecosystem are it supports life systems, regulates ecological processes, cycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components.


WHY ECOSYSTEMS ARE NECESSARY

The ecosystem includes all the living organisms and the interaction among them and with their surroundings in each place or area. They exist from grain soil to forests, rivers, wetlands, grasslands, and coral reefs.

The ecosystem gives us innumerable benefits which include a good climate, fresh air, water, food, and materials of different kinds.it protects us from natural disasters and diseases. Natural ecosystems are necessary for our overall health. But the ecosystem is facing massive threats in the entire world. Forests are being cut, rivers and lakes are polluted with industrial waste and sewage, mountains soils are eroded, farmlands and grasslands are overused. So, we must change our ways and restore the ecosystem.


STEPS WE MUST TAKE ON WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY

✅ We can announce restoration projects at the local, regional, or national levels.

✅ We can also volunteer for the existing restoration project.

✅ We can clean up any surrounding area like lakes, beaches, parks, etc.

✅ We can grow indigenous trees or plants in our home, school, business area, public spaces.

✅ We can donate to restoration initiatives.

✅ We can hold a discussion, online campaign to draw attention to climate change.


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ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA


Have you ever imagined how the education system was there in ancient times? How did the student use to study in those days? Was it like the current system? What all were their subjects? How had they got the education? I’m sure you become curious after having the thunderstorm of questions, aren’t you? If you are excited and now want to know the answers to all these questions, then you are at the right place.

ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

This post will cover the essay on the rich heritage education system of India & how it’s different from the current education system. This blog will cover the influence that happened on the education system of India due to the arrival of several invaders like Mughal’s, Portuguese, Britisher’s etc.

Earlier, India had the Gurukul system in which any individual who wished to learn went to the guru’s house and requested to be trained. If the guru would accept him as his student, then he would stay at the Gurukul. This created a strong tie between the guru and his student. The guru taught everything that he felt he could teach from Sanskrit to the sacred scriptures, mathematics, metaphysics, etc. All the learning related to nature and life and not kept remembering data.

English language, the modern schooling system was brought by Britishers in India. Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay was the person who brought the modern school system in the 1830’s. The syllabus was limited to subjects such as science, mathematics and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered useless. Teaching was limited to class.

The first board was set up in the Uttar Pradesh board of the high school and intermediate education in the year 1921 with ward over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. The board of the high school and intermediate education Rajputana was set up in the year 1929. Some more boards were established in some other states. In the end in 1952 the constitution of the board was changed, and it was renamed central board of secondary education (CBSE). All schools in Delhi and some different areas went under the board.

ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA


Current Education Pattern of India

Education in India is mainly administered by government-funded schools (controlled and funded by authorities at three levels: Center, state and ward schools) and non-public schools. According to various articles of the Indian Constitution, young people between the ages of 6 and 14 are provided free and compulsory education as a fundamental right. Until 1976, the teaching approach and its application were legally permitted by the respective states in India. The 42nd Amendment to the 1976 Constitution made education a "concurrent subject" & from now on, central and state governments have a conventional obligation to subsidize and deliver training. State governments and local government agencies run most primary and secondary schools, and the number of government schools is growing day by day. Private schools are not too far in this race and private running school are also flourish at an exponential pace.

Between 2005 and 2006, 83.13% of primary schools (grades 1 to 8) were under government supervision, and 16.86% of schools were under private management. Of the private-run schools, 33% were aided and 66% were unaided. Enrolment in grades 1-8 is split between the government and the private school is 73:27. However, this proportion is higher in rural areas (80:20) and much lower in metropolitan areas (36:66).

At the primary and secondary levels, India has a very large framework for school learning that complements public schools. 29% of students received private education in the 6-14 age group. Some post-secondary technical schools are also private.

ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

In we go through the education system of India, then it primarily divided into 3 parts i.e., primary, secondary & tertiary. Primary education is further divided into two parts such as lower primary from class 1st to 5th & upper primary starts from 6th till 8th. It is compulsory & free across the nation. It begins at the age of 6 and ends at the age of 14.  Post-primary education, secondary education starts that is further classified as lower & upper secondary. 9th & 10th are considered in lower secondary while 11th & 12th are considered in upper secondary. Based on the performance in lower secondary, students may opt for science, commerce or arts based on their interest & merit. Tertiary education includes all the bachelor & master’s degrees.

 
India’s New education policy 2020 (NEP)

The NEP is a comprehensive framework for the development of education in the country. The requirement of a new education policy was first felt in 1964 when Congressman Sidheshwar Prasad criticized the current government for its lack of an educational vision and philosophy. In the same year, a 17-person education commission was formed under the direction of UGC chairman DS Kothari to develop a coordinated and national education policy. Based on the proposals made by this committee, parliament adopted the first education policy in 1968.

ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

India’s NEP usually arrives every few decades. India has had three to date. First in 1968 under Indira Gandhi and the second in 1986, under Rajiv Gandhi. The NEP of 1986 was re-examined in 1992 under PV Narasimha Rao. The third is the NEP 2020 announced under Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The NEP proposes essential changes, including opening Indian higher education to overseas universities, abolishing UGC and the All-India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), and introducing a multi-disciplinary four-year undergraduate program with multiple exits & entries options and discontinuing of M Phil's programs.

In school education, policies are focused on making the syllabus easier examinations, reducing syllabus to maintain "basics”, and emphasizing "experiential learning".

In a major shift from the 1986 policy that emphasized a 10 + 2 school structure, the new NEP offers an age-appropriate "5 + 3 + 3 + 4" design corresponding to 3-8 (foundational level). 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle level) and 14-18 (secondary). This means that early childhood education (also called pre-school education for children aged 3 to 5 years) is included in formal education. The average daily meal plan is expanded for pre-schoolers. According to the NEP, students up to grade 5 must be taught in their mother tongue or national language.

The policy also recommends the discontinuation of all single-stream institutions and all universities and colleges should strive to become multidisciplinary by 2040.

The NEP provides only broad guidelines and does not need to be followed. Since education is a concurrent subject (both the central and state governments can legislate on it), the proposed reforms can only be implemented jointly by the centre and the states. It won't happen right away. The current government has set a goal of implementing all policies by 2040. Adequate funding is also important. The 1968 NEP was hampered by a lack of funds.

The government plans to establish subject wise committees with members of relevant ministries at the national and state levels to develop implementation plans for each aspect of the NEP. The plan outlines actions to be taken by several agencies including the Department of Human Resources, the Department of State Education, the School Board, NCERT, the Central Education Advisory Council and the National Testing Agency. Planning is followed by an annual joint progress review based on defined objectives.

This the first part of the blog. In the coming blogs, we are going to cover various important topics related to the education system of India like why the girls education is important, A grading system in India, is the grading system good or bad? Different boards in India, and many more topics related to the Indian education system.

That’s it for today guys, goodbye & take care. Stay safe & stay healthy.
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