What is the theme of world environment day 2019?

World Environment Day (WED) is an annual event celebrated worldwide on 5th June. It is one of the biggest events organized in the world considering the environment. The main purpose of this day is to encourage awareness and the protection of the environment.  The various environmental issues focused by the UN are marine pollution, human overpopulation, global warming, wildlife crime, etc.

Theme of World Environment Day 2019

The world environment day has become a global event where more than 143 countries participated annually. WED was first held in the year 1974 and the theme of that year was “Only One Earth”.  Since 1974, the UN decides one theme for every WED and the theme of the 2019 world environment day is Air Pollution and it is China who is going to host world environment day this year.

WED Activities 2019

On the world environment day, peoples from all across the world come together and take actions for the protection of the environment.  The celebration of this day provides us with an opportunity to think about the environment and do the activities while thinking about the environment in the mind.

World Environment Day theme 2019

The theme of 2019 word environment day is Air Pollution & it is one of the biggest threats for the environment and it affects everything i.e. humans, animals, crops, aquatic ecosystems and so forth. There are several factors responsible for air pollution like the burning of fossil fuels, emission from industries, transport pollution, agricultural activities, natural activities, etc.

World Environment Day 2019 Theme

Here, we are sharing some threating facts related to Air Pollution.

1. Air pollution is a prime factor responsible for the death of approximately 7 million people worldwide and among these 7 million, 57% of the death occur in the Asia Pacific only.

2. In worldwide, the cause of death of 1 person among 8 is air pollution.

3. 92% of the world population lives in a place with unhealthy air quality.

4. Air pollution also affects the production of crops.

5. Approximately 4 million peoples kill every year due to indoor air pollution.

World environment day theme 2019 activities

The entire world is now addressing & focusing the environmental issues and WED 2019 will urge the government, industries, societies, and individuals to come together and explore renewable energy, green technologies and improve air quality in cities and regions across the world.

Here, I would like to urge all the individuals as well to come forward and take a step for the protection of the environment.  There are numerous activities that we can perform individually and contribute to the social mission conducted by the WED. Here is the list of activities that we can perform individually to support WED theme 2019.

2. Use public transport as much as possible.

3. It is highly advisable to buy products made of recycled products.

4. Optimize and wisely used the lights & home appliances at your home. Switch off the same in case of no use. If your pockets allow you, then buy appliances with high energy ratings.

5. Smoking is very dangerous not only for the health of human but for the air quality as well. Stop smoking and encourage those around you to do the same.

WED Theme 2019

6. Use eco-friendly products at your home like low volatile organic compounds paints, Led lights, energy efficient home appliances, renewable sources of energies, etc. 


What is the meaning and method of introspection?

Introspection! Hi guys, in this post we are going to talk about introspection. The meaning of introspection is the self-analysis. Self-analysis is very important in everyone’s life and if you understand the importance of this word, then you will be undefeatable. In my opinion, it is not just a word but a skill that will speak about you. It will tell you about your strength and weakness and also help you in achieving the desired goal.

What is the meaning introspection?
So, let’s start the discussion and the list of discussion of this post are as follows:

1.            What is the meaning of introspection?
2.            What are the different methods of introspection?
3.            What is the importance of introspection?
4.            What are the benefits of introspection?

What is the meaning of introspection?

Introspection means self-analysis. It is the examination of own conscious thoughts and feelings. It is the best technique that surely helps you to get rid of the problem of continuous failure. Think about your past & present and get the analysis, and then decide your future. We as human do commit several mistakes every day and believe in me this is not the problem at all.

What is the meaning of Introspection

The main problem is “Are we learning from our mistakes”? and those who learn from their mistakes become clearer with his actions.

What are the methods of introspection?

There must be several methods of introspection and let me share a few methods of self-observation that I have learned from my experience are as follows.

1. Learn from the past experience

It is one of the effective methods of self-analysis. The best teacher of your life is your past so sit relax and analyze yourself. It will tell you about your strength, weakness, passion, interest, hobbies, abilities, capacities and many more things. Once you know yourself, you can plan your future accordingly. 

What is the meaning of introspection?

2. Feedback of the near & dear ones

This is the 2nd method of self-observation which I personally found most effective. Sometimes you are unable to analyze yourself and don’t know the right approach of analysis. It is also possible that you are not ready to accept your weakness when you are doing an analysis of yourself. In all such cases, a piece of advice from your near one will help you. They know you better and their feedback would become very effective for your future endeavor.

3. SWOT analysis

This method is a little bit technical but if you follow this method, then you automatically increase the chances of success. SWOT is the abbreviation of 4 words and those 4 words are as follows:

“S means Strength, W means Weakness, O means opportunities & T means Threats”

If you take help of this method, then you will get to know your strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats.

What is the meaning of introspection?

4. Ask Questions from yourself

This is another method of introspection and one of the best ways is to ask questions from yourself. “Why” questions can highlight our limitations and stir up negative emotions, while “what” questions help keep us curious and positive about the future.

What is the importance of introspection?

Introspection is very important and it helps us many ways.  it will help us in making strategies for future projects or goals.  There is a fact that every day thousands of thoughts floating in our mind and more interestingly 90% of them are repetitive in nature. Sometimes due to these numerous thoughts, we switch from one objective to another while deciding for future and at the end of the day nothing left except the confusion. So here the question is “what is the solution of this problem” and the one-word answer to this question is the self-analysis. Sit relax and talk to yourself. It will solve your problems.

What are the benefits of introspection?

Whenever we fail in our life, we feel depress and start to criticize ourself. Sometimes these failures force us to surrender everything but here the questions arise “Is it the right approach to handle life”? Committing suicide or surrender everything will solve the problem, I guess no. Being a human, our primary responsibility lies with ourselves and in such situations, self-realization becomes very handy. 

What is the meaning of introspection?

There are several advantages of self-analysis. A list of a few of them are mentioned below:

1. It will give the clarity of thoughts; make you wiser & help you in the searching of future goals.

2. It will tell you about your strength & weakness thereby enabling you to become a better person in your life and can respond to any situation arising in your life according to your strength.

What is the meaning of introspection

3. Whenever you introspect, it will give you a lesson or if I would say preciously then it would give you the learning of life.

4. It will boost your confidence and even make you more mature and calmer even when the situation is not in your favor. It also helps you in increasing productivity and makes you realize to stop worrying about the things which are not in our hands.

5. It will help you in finding real you and get rid of repetitive thoughts.  Once we start thinking about ourself, we feel that nothing can stop us in becoming better individuals and we grow physically, emotionally, mentally, etc.

Final Words

Here in this post, we have discussed several points related to self-realization like its definition, meaning, importance and various ways of self-analysis. Have you started taking to yourself? If not, then start from today. Reserve 5~10 mins of every day for yourself and start talking.

Thanks for reading our post. I hope you liked our post and I believe if you start following this, you must become a successful person in your life.

Subscribe our blog to get the notifications of newly published articles. If you want to write for us, write a mail to us @sk.vivek1990@gmail.com


How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

We keep listening to a word called “Veto Power” and India is continuously approaching the United Nations to get Veto Power. But here the question is why India is trying to get Veto Power. Why is it so important for any country? Apart from India, what are the other countries approaching for Veto Power? How any country can get veto power?

How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

In this post, we are going to learn several facts related to Veto Power and here is the list of agenda of this post.

1. What is the meaning of Veto Power?

2. What is the history of the UN Security Council?

4. How does any proposal pass in UNSC?

5. How does any country get a permanent seat?

6. What are the other countries approaching for the permanent seat?

7. Will India get a permanent seat in UNSC?

What is the meaning of Veto Power?

The word “Veto Power” derived from the Latin word which means “I forbid”. There are 15 members in the UNSC and among 15, 5 are permanent while remaining 10 are non-permanent members. A veto is a special power given to the 5 permanent members (China, France Russia, United Kingdom & United States) and this power becomes very crucial while passing any law in the security council.

How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

What is the history of the UN Security Council?

After the 1st world war, the entire world had seen the devastation and to stop such wars in the future, the entire world was trying to find the solutions. Following the catastrophic loss of life in world war-1, league of nations had been established to maintain the peace & the harmony in the world. In spite of making several attempts, they were unable to stop the 2nd world war. Following the 2nd world war, the existence of the UN security council came into power. It was officially established on 24 Oct 1945.  It is one of the organs of the united nation & the main purpose of the council is to maintain international peace & security. It is also called the policeman of the world.

Apart from this, the UN charter maintain several other functioning and these are as follows:

1. to maintain international peace and security;

2. to develop friendly relations among nations;

3. to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights;

4. and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.

How many countries have veto power in the UN Security Council?

The veto power is the most significant difference between the permanent and non-permanent member of the UNSC. There are 5 permanent member and all those members of UNSC have Veto Power. Those 5 countries are China, France Russia, United Kingdom & United States. Russia has used Veto Power the most followed by USA, United Kingdom, France and then China.  China recently used this power to stop the addition of Masood Azhar as an international terrorist.

How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

How does any proposal pass in UNSC?

Whenever a proposal sends to the UNSC, it is reviewed by the member countries. As mentioned above there are 15 countries and among 15, five are permanent members who have veto power. In order to pass any proposal, 2/3rd of the votes requires and it is mandatory that all the permanent members must vote in favor of that proposal. Any permanent members can use the Veto Power to stop the proceedings against any proposal.

How any country can get a permanent seat in UNSC?

The first thing required to add more countries in the UN security council is to alter & expand the number of seats of the UN. It will be done only when the amendment supports by 2/3rd members of the UN General assembly and 5 permanent members do not veto the resolution. Once the resolution passes, voting could be initiated for the members to apply for the permanent seat and they will have to gain 2/3rd of the majority in the UN general assembly with full-time members do no use the veto powers against them.

What are the other countries approaching for the permanent seat?

There are 4 countries i.e. Brazil, Japan, Germany & India looking to get a seat of a permanent member in the United Nations Security Council. These countries are also the members of G4 nations and they mutually agreed and support one another to get a permanent seat.

How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

Will India get a permanent seat in UNSC?

India is likely to get a permanent seat in the near future. There are several factors supporting this fact. We have listed a few of them below:

How many countries have veto power in UNSC?

1. All the permanent members are in the support of India except China through China has not opposed the same openly.

2. It is the third largest contributor in the troops of US Peace-making.

3. India has one of the powerful militaries across the world.

4. India has created an image of a peaceful country in the world.

5. It has been elected in UNSC seven times and it is the world’s largest democracy.


Why planting of trees are important in our life?

Are you planning to cut trees? Ok, go ahead but before doing so, could you please answer my questions? Why are you cutting trees? What will you get? Are you doing it for money or anything else? Do you know the importance of trees? What roles do trees play in our life?

planting of trees are important in our life

Let us discuss all these questions and then decide what is more important in our life- Cutting Trees or Planting Trees.

How trees are useful to us?

Have you ever imagined the world without the existence of trees? Do you know that trees are very important and we can’t think of our existence in the absence of tress? We can consider them as part of the family. It is the natural source of oxygen and acts as a source of fruits & vegetables. Trees are a precious gift that has been given by nature. It is like a green gold and very important in everyone’s life. So, we encourage everyone to plant trees in their life.

Importance Of Tree Plantation

 What is the importance of planting trees in our life?

It is very easy to understand the importance of trees if you understand the importance of oxygen.  There are several necessities for the survival of life and among all food, water & oxygen are very crucial. Trees can serve the purpose and provide these things in abundance. This reason is more than sufficient to understand the importance of planting trees in our life.

Why planting of trees are important in our life?

How Trees are useful for children?

Play is an essential activity for healthy child development. In addition to being fun, appropriate play activities enable a child to develop physical fitness, decision making, mental alertness, stress buster, confidence and many more. Play also enables them to develop suitable behaviors that will be useful to them throughout their lives.

importance of planting trees

What are the advantages of Trees?

There are several advantages to planting trees. It is not only useful for human beings but also for the animals & the environment. Let us discuss several advantages of trees in terms of social, communal, environmental & economic benefits.

importance of trees in our life

2. Trees play a key role in capturing rainwater and reducing the risk of natural disasters like floods and landslides.

3. A single tree can be the home of several species. There must be some reserve places for the species as well where they can take shelter, food and raise their children. Planting trees are important in our life as they are the natural habitat of the animals and birds, as well as many endangered species.

4. By trees, a human also gets fruits & vegetables. The several types of medicines can be prepared from the roots, leaves and the bark of the trees.

5. Trees are very crucial and Providing wood, rubber and other raw materials that are used for manufacturing various goods such as furniture, doors, windows, utensils, stationary items and decorative items.

Why do we need Trees?

These are the benefits of trees and I hope, these benefits are sufficient to answer the question of “why do we need trees & why should we support the plantation of trees and how it is important in our life. If you still consider trees are useless then go and cut the trees. On the contrary, if you understand the importance of trees, then start planting.

importance of trees in our life


Here I have nothing to say except one thing that if you understand the importance of trees so start planting of trees. I would like to end my post here with a famous quote

“Take Care of Trees, they will take care of you”


What are the advantages of small families?

We keep on saying that a small family is a happy family and there are several advantages of having small families but here a few questions strike in my mind and questions are as follows.

What are the advantages of small families?

1. A small family is always a happy family. Is it true? 

2. Can we measure happiness on the basis of the size of the family?

3. If it is true that a small family is a happy family, then how?

4. What are the advantages of having a small family?

If you are also searching answer for these questions then let us start together to figure out the answer to all these questions one by one.

What is a small family?

A family is a group of persons living together.  It is classified as a joint family, undivided family, nuclear family, small family, etc. We can say a family is a small family if there are only one or two kids.

What are the advantages of small families?

What is the small family norms?

There are no strict norms in India but in the year 1952, the government of India had started the concept of family planning in India. The Indian Government gave the slogan of “We two, our two” (Hum Do Hamare Do) to promote the idea of small families and also shared various advantages of having small families.

Advantages of Small Families

The growth of any country depends upon its citizens. A sharp growth of population or the population explosion comes with many negativities like penury, malnutrition, epidemics, and so forth if the country does not have unlimited resources. A country is made of a group of families and the prosperity of any country depends upon the conditions of the families. A country with a large population requires greater resources to survive and it is a well-known fact that every country has limited resources and that’s why the concept of the small family gain popularity today.

Advantages of small families

There is a notion in the poor families that if they have big families then indirectly, they will have extra hands to earn money and it could be the panacea for their poverty. But the reality is not the same my dear friend. Large families bring several untold maladies like children are often undernourished and fall victim to numerous diseases. If there is no suitable gap between the birth of two children, not only the health of the mother but also the health of the child falls. The entire circle ruins the entire family.

The concept of large families is dying out in the big cities and It is a common observation that can be noticed very easily. Due to the modernization or to match the living standards & rate of inflation, a concept of a small family could be the best option and advantageous for all.

Is Happiness related to the size of the family?

No, it is not correct to measure the happiness of any family through the size of the family but at the same time, point to consider that in the small family, parents can provide quality education, good quality food, healthy lifestyle and can give more love, affection, and attention to their kids. In a small family, parents are able to inspire the children and they have ample chance to imbibe good qualities.

What are the advantages of small families?

There was a time when individuals were proud of having large families but the things have been changed in recent times. People now start to understand the importance of small family. There are numerous advantages of having small families and here we are listing some of the advantages of it.

1. The financial condition of any family directly proportional to the financial budget of the family. If there is a large family of 6~8 members or more, the living cost would be higher to the comparison of families having 4 or fewer members. It means, large families will spend more money on food, education, clothes, routine expenses and many more.

2. In small families, a child receives more attention and support from the parents to the comparison of a large family. Parents can give their best support if they have one or two kids only. The same is not possible in large families. This could be one of the best benefits of having small families.

3. The size of the family also affects the health especially that of mother & the child. The frequent pregnancies can become the cause of illness for both mother and children and also affects the health of the women.

4. Parents can fulfill the dreams or the necessities of one or two kids very easily. It is possible for the parents to provide them quality education and look after them in a very good manner. Parents are also able to give due attention to their upbringing and needs. On the other end, if there are of 3~4 kids in the family, parents can’t satisfy even the fundamental needs of the kids. As a result, the child suffers and subsequently the parents.


What are the causes of failure in life?

Hi Friends, today I am going to tell you a story and you may feel bored while reading this story but Here I would like to assure you if you read the complete story, you will get the multiple learnings for your future. If you are passionate about your future and want to get success in life, then read the post and tell us in the comment box that

“what did you learn from this post”?

factors of failure in life

So, let’s start the story.

This story belongs to one of my close friends whom I met last month. He had been trying for his goal for the last 10 years and finally got the success in the 11th attempt. I asked him about his journey and why he required 10 years for success.  He said that he wanted to quit after 2 attempts as he felt he was not made for it but he was forced to chase the goal at any cost. He tried again & again but did not get success even after 10 attempts. Now he had no hope from his future and one day he was wandering in the frustration and suddenly met with an accident. Some persons took him to the hospital and there he met with a person, fortunately. He told his story to that person and that person gave him the golden mantra to achieve success and also told him the causes of failure in life. He followed the mantra and got the success in the 11th attempt.  I asked him about the golden mantra and about the person as well. He shared his complete story with us.
what are the causes of failure in life

Are you also excited to know about the Golden Mantra and person who had given that golden mantra?

If yes, then wait for a while. Before discussing the golden mantra, let’s us first know about the possible factors responsible for the failure of my friend in his life and thereafter will try to find out the solutions to overcome the problem. 

What is Failure

The simplest definition of failure is not able to achieve the desired goals. It means if you are having some expectations or the goal and you are not able to convert those goals into reality then we could consider it as a failure.  The different persons will take this in a different manner and the definition of failure also be different for different person.

factors of failure in life

Causes or Factors of Failure in Life

The possible factors or the major causes of failure of my friend in his life are as follows:

1. Selection of the Goal

This could be the first factor of failure in life. Who has inspired you to take that goal? Is it your own passion or you are being forced to pursue some particular objective either by your parents or friends? The ideal goal could be one when you decide your goal and convince your parents for that goal as well.

major causes of failure in life

2. Duration of the Goal

Do you ever think about the duration? How much time do you require to achieve that goal? It is very important for consideration. For example, if you want to achieve something in 2 years while the actual duration required for that goal is 4 years then how could you achieve that goal in less time. On the contrary, side, if any goal requires 3 years and you are chasing the same goal from the last 5~6 years then you need to figure out the problems while chasing the same goal. This is another reason for the failure in life.

3. Being resistant to advice

Some people fail because they do not accept valuable feedback. Instead, they try to find out various reasons to argue. They are not ready to take the advice or feedback from the other even when they are unsuccessful even after several attempts.

4. Know about your strength & weakness

This is the most fundamental point that needs to be considered. Before selecting any goal, you must first analyze yourself and find the areas of strength and weakness. After this analysis, you may opt for the right objective. The selection of goal without analysis of himself could become the reason for failure in life.

what are the causes of failure in life

5. Inability to overcome distractions

A person’s inability to ignore distractions can be a prime factor for the failure of life. There are several forms of distractions and it may be due to your own thoughts, your friends, social media and so forth. if you are unable to resist the attraction of distracting yourself, your workflow will suffer from it.

6. Is it your cup of tea?

Sometimes we choose goals which are beyond our capabilities.  Here I would like to clarify one thing that everything is possible if you do the hard work, have passion and dedication towards that goal.  I do consider high-value words like confidence, motivation, hard work, dedication, passion and many more but I still consider that sometimes you make goals beyond your limits and ultimately ends with the failure. It is one of the major factors of failure in life.

How do we overcome the problem of Failures?

Introspection is the best technique that could help you in overcoming the problem of failure. Think about your past & present and then decide the goal.  We all are humans and we do commit mistakes but the important thing is to learn from those mistakes. There are multiple opportunities for every individual but who learns from his previous mistakes become more learned and clearer with his actions. However, there are few individuals who have ego issues or wrong mindset and they never learn from their mistakes which ultimately become a factor of failure in life.

What are the causes of failure in life?

The Golden Mantra is to wisely decide your goal and do an introspection of your actions. It will teach you the right path to achieve success. 

There are several famous quotes related to failure and I have picked one of the famous quotes of Jack Ma and he says

what are the causes of failure in life

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What is World Earth Day 2019 Theme?

Hi guys! Do you know about earth day? Why do we celebrate earth day? When it was started and who had started the concept of earth day? What are the activities that we can perform on earth day? Is there any theme for every earth day and if yes then what is the theme of earth day 2019?

World Earth Day 2019 Theme

I know, numerous questions strike in your mind if you think about earth day. So, let us try to answer all the questions one by one. 
Earth Day is an annual event celebrated every year on 22nd April and every year on this day, a theme is decided by the earth day network to create the awareness among the public towards the protection of mother earth. 

What is Earth Day & Why do we celebrate earth day

Earth Day is an annual event celebrates worldwide to raise awareness for the protection of the environment and care of our mother earth. The first earth day was celebrated in the year 1970 and it was founded by Senator Gaylord Nelson. This idea was taken by him to promote the idea of sustainable balance between the environment and the people and encourage them to respect the assets provided by the mother earth.

theme of earth day 2019

Till now, the earth is the only place found where life is possible and we human become irresponsible & wasting the resources available on this planet. Due to the irresponsible behavior of human beings, our environment suffers from several problems like

1. The depletion of the ozone layer takes place.

2. Various types of pollution like air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, plastic pollution, etc.

3. Extinction of species and many more.

Do You want to know the history of international earth day & the activities performed on the earth day? Read Here.

What was the theme of Earth Day 2018?

In the year 2018, the end of plastic pollution was the theme of the earth day and the goal of that earth day was to end the single-use plastics, promoting alternatives to fossil fuel-based materials, promote 100% recycling of plastics and create the awareness in the people towards the dangerous effect of excessive use of plastics. The ultimate goal of the 2018 earth day was to minimize the use of plastic.

theme of earth day 2019

What is the theme of international Earth Day 2019?

Nature has given us several gifts and among all the gifts, one of the most valuable gifts of nature is the creation of millions of species. All these species are equally important as a human to maintain the ecological balance of the environment. Unfortunately, the irresponsible behaviors of the human beings disturb the balance of nature and as a result, the world is facing the extinction of several species like white Cheetah, Dinosaur, Dodo, Passenger Pigeon, etc. The rapid extinction of species in the world is the result of human activities (climate change, deforestation, habitat loss, trafficking and poaching, unsustainable agriculture, pollution, and pesticides to name a few) and these activities are responsible for the global destruction and quick reduction of plants and wildlife population.  The extinction of species will not only impact the environment but also the human as well so it becomes the responsibility of every individual to protect the wildlife, our planet and most importantly ourselves

World Earth Day 2019 Theme

The goals of the 2019 earth day theme are as follows:

1. Educate the people about the causes & the consequences of the fast rate extinction of the species.

2. Develop and start a worldwide movement that loves nature and its values.

3. Motivate individual actions such as accepting plant-based food and discontinuing pesticide and herbicide use

4. Accomplish major policy wins that guard broad groups of species as well as individual species and their habitats

Activities on the theme of Earth Day 2019

With reference to our discussion till now, we understood why must we protect them. It is the responsibility of every individual to perform their responsibility and support the theme of 2019 earth day in a full-fledged manner. There are numerous ways to contribute to this global mission.


I think you got the importance of our mother earth and if we destroy the ecological balance of our plant, then there is no other place to live. It is high time to think about and start contributing. Your small contributions will make a big impact one day. Here, I would like to say one Golden rule for everyone

“Don’t celebrate earth day only on 22nd April, celebrate it every day. Karke Dekho, Acha Lagega”

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What is the theme of 2019 Nelson Mandela day?

Do we know about Nelson Mandela?

What is International Mandela Day? Why it is celebrated? What is the theme of 2019 Nelson Mandela day? If you are also finding the answer to these questions, then you at the right place.

Theme of 2019 Nelson Mandela day

International Nelson Mandela Day or Mandela Day is an annual event celebrated in the respect of Nelson Mandela and it is celebrated on 18th July, the birthday date of the Nelson Mandela. In 2009, International Mandela day was officially declared by the united nation and it was celebrated in the entire world on 18th July 2010 first time.  Nelson Mandela is the inspiration for all and the entire world remembers him for his achievements in working towards human rights, peace, democracy, conflict resolution, addressing racial issues, etc. The theme of Nelson Mandela day 2019 is yet to be decided and we would share the details once it is published.

There is a very famous quote given by Nelson Mandela and he said: It is in your hands to make of our world a better one for all,”.

Nelson Mandela had given an enormous contribution to the development of society. He fought against racial issues throughout his life and at the end, his efforts paid off. There are several things that we could learn from him. He has given several inspirational quotes to the welfare of human beings.  Few of them are listed below.

·         You can start changing our world for the better daily, no matter how small the action.

·         I never lose. I either win or learn.

International Nelson Mandela day 2019 Theme

·         It always seems impossible until it is done.

·         Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

Mandela Day 2019 Theme

Nelson Mandela wanted to inspire us all to understand the importance of small acts of every individual and how these small actions could become the mass movement for the betterment of society. He did the same and now it’s our turn to do our part.

Before discussing what can we do for society, let us first know about Nelson Mandela.

What was Nelson Mandela famous for?

Nelson Mandela was born in the small village of South Africa on 18 July 1918. He was the first black president of South Africa and well known as the anti-apartheid activist in South Africa.  He served as president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

Theme of 2019 Nelson Mandela day


What can we do on the International Nelson Mandela Day?

The theme of 2019 international Nelson Mandela day is yet to be decided but the vision of Nelson Mandela was very clear.  He wanted to make the world a better place and spread social justice and freedom for all.  He had given his entire life and it’s our turn to contribute to society.

I live in India and if we follow the steps of Nelson Mandela, then there are several areas where we focus and make our societies better.  Inequalities are prevailing in our societies on the basis of caste, gender, race, religion sub-caste, and many more things.  It is time for us to stand and start contributing to the welfare of society.

2. The 2nd point that we could think about is the enuch (kinner). They are not getting equal status in society and most of them suffer from the exploitation of society.  It is not in their hands and if someone is Kinner then it is not their sin.  We should think about them and make the path to give them equal opportunities in society.

Theme of 2019 Mandela day

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What are causes, types & treatment of Stammering

Stammering is a speech disorder characterized by the repetition of words, sounds, syllables, prolongation of sounds, halting speech production, an uneven rate of speech, etc. It is also called stuttering or diffluent speech.
What is stuttering? Do you suffer from stuttering? What are the causes responsible for stuttering? What are the symptoms of stuttering? How to diagnose the problem of stammering?

Causes & Types of Stammering

If such questions arise in your mind then read this post. It may help you to get the answer to these questions.

In simple terms, we can say that stammering is a communication disorder and, in such cases, facial expressions & body movements are unusual. Due to this problem, a person may be stuck while speaking and the speaking speed of that person is not normal like others. It affects the person of all ages and also affects the quality of life, interpersonal skills and communication skills of the person. The first known speech treatment clinic for stuttering started in India in 1937 by Japan-trained M. S. Rami, still functions in Mumbai.

According to NIDCD, Stuttering affects approximately 5~10 percent of the children at some point in time between the ages of 2~6 years.  Some interesting facts shared by the NIDCD (National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders) are as follows:

Causes & Types of Stammering

1. The chances of stammering are higher in the boys in comparison to girls. The ratio is around 2~3:1 (boys: girls)

2. Approximately 3 children among 4 recovers from the problem of stuttering.

3. It may take a few weeks to several years to overcome the problem of stammering.

4. 25% of the children don’t recover from stammering and continue the same in the adults.

Types & causes of Stammering

There are three types of stammering and the factors responsible for these stuttering are as follows:

1. Developmental Stammering: In this type of stammering, the speech and the language abilities of the child are unable to synchronize with the verbal demands. It is very common and normally occurs in young children. It usually solves with the treatment.

2. Neurogenic Stammering: The abnormalities between the brain and the nervous system causes this type of stammering. In this case, the brain is unable to coordinate different brain regions helpful in clear & fluent speaking.

3. Psychogenic Stammering: This type of stammering in very rare in these days and it occurs due to emotional trauma.

There are several reasons for stuttering and among all the factors, family history of stuttering is very crucial. It means if your ancestor shutter, then chances are high that child will shutter as well. Other reasons for stuttering are child development, family dynamics, and neurophysiology.

Causes & Treatment of Stammering

Cases of Stuttering in India

The problem of stuttering is also very common in India as well. According to one estimate, around 11 million peoples in India suffer. The Indian stammering association (TISA) is the organization in India that do the cure of stammering by conducting the workshop title “self-help groups”.

Causes & Treatment of Stammering

Treatments of Stuttering

Treatment is not necessary for all the persons who shutters. Sometimes the problem gets resolved over a period of time. But if you still suffer, then below mention treatments methods may help you in overcoming this problem.

Causes & Treatment of Stammering

1. Therapeutic techniques are also very useful.

2. Electronics devices are also used to treat stuttering.  One type encourages children to speak more slowly by playing back an altered recording of their voice when they speak quickly. Other devices are worn, like hearing aids, and they can create distracting background noise that’s known to help reduce stuttering.

3. Some drugs are also used for the treatment of stuttering although taking such drugs for a long duration causes negative effects on the health. Due to this reason, it is not recommended to use this method for the treatment.

4. The best method is to consult with a speech-language pathologist. The pathologist can evaluate the degree of shuttering and guide you the proper speech therapy to solve the problem. By the speech therapy, the number of interruptions would reduce to a great extent. It will boost the confidence of the stammer and encourage your child to monitor the rate of speech, breath support, and laryngeal tension.

Types & Treatment of Stammering



Speech therapy is the best treatment to overcome this problem of shuttering but, in the end, the most important thing is the self-confidence.

Thanks for reading our post on the topic of causes, types & treatment of Stammering. I hope, you got the information you are looking at the topic of stammering. If I missed anything, write to us in the comment box or email us @sk.vivek1990@gmail.com. 

if you have any query or looking for the advice, please write to us @rakeshsingh4me@icloud.com.


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