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May 2021 ~ Social Posts

ESSAY ON AIR POLLUTION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS IN ENGLISH

ESSAY ON AIR POLLUTION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS IN ENGLISH


Hey Guys! This is the 2nd blog of the essay series on pollution. In the last blog, we have seen different types of pollution, and this blog will be focused on a long & short essay on Air Pollution in English. This blog will help you guys to know more about Air Pollution & its harmful effects. It is very useful, and you can take reference from it if you write in school, colleges, competitive exams, etc. So, let us start.

Link of First Blog: https://www.socialposts.org/2021/04/essay-pollution-types.html

Before jumping on to the topic, I would like to start this blog with a question: “what is most important in life?”. Is it money or health or something else? Think for a couple of minutes and see what comes to your mind if you ask this question to yourself. What I assume for most of them, they will say money and if you are one of them, then you have been misled by it. 

What we believe, having good health, a nice atmosphere to live in and fresh air to breathe, nothing is more important than this, but due to the increasing population and various developmental projects have cost serious impact on the environment, especially in developing countries. Day by day air pollution is increasing due to various human activities. This increasing air pollution is causing various health problems.

 

What is Air Pollution

Air pollution is the presence of materials in the environment that can be hazardous to the well-being of people and other living creatures, or destructive to the environment. The measurement of air quality follows based on 8 parameters such as PM10, PM 2.5, nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, ammonia, and lead.

Here PM stands for “particular matter”. If the diameter of the particles suspended in the environment is less than 2.5 micrometres, then it is called PM2.5. Similarly, if the diameter of the particles suspended in the air is less than 10 micrometres, it is called PM10.

 

Causes of Air Pollution

The main source of Air pollution is solid and liquid particles and certain gases suspended in the air. These particles and gases may come from exhaust gases from cars, trucks, factories, dust, pollen, volcanoes, and forest fires. In the air, they are called aerosols. Air pollution occurs when solid and liquid particles called aerosols and certain gases enter the air. These particles and gases may be harmful to the health of the earth and ours too.

 
Where does the aerosol come from?

Any particle that enters the air or is formed by a chemical reaction in the air can be an aerosol. When we burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil and wood, many aerosols are released into the atmosphere. These particles can come from many sources, including exhaust from cars, factories and even forest fires. Some particles and gases come directly from these sources, while others are produced by chemical reactions in the air. Aerosols can also come from other places, such as volcanic ash, from volcanic eruptions. Dust, pollen, etc. are also examples of aerosols.

Most of the air pollution comes from burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gasoline to generate energy for electricity or transportation. The release of carbon monoxide in high concentrations indicates how much fossil fuel is being burned. This also emits other toxins. Industrial activities emit various pollutants into the air that affect air quality more than we do.

Particulate matter 2.5 and 10, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide are important pollutants emitted by industries that use coal and wood as the main source of energy for the manufacture of their goods.

Use of toxic products, also known as volatile organic compounds (VOC), inadequate ventilation, uneven temperature and humidity can all lead to indoor air pollution, whether you are in the office, school, or home, Air Pollution can be caused by ignorant factors, such as by smoking tobacco in a room or by untreated infected walls. Using wood stoves or space heaters can increase humidity, which in a short period of time can directly affect a person's health and lead to breathing problems. Sometimes it can even lead to chronic diseases.

Climate change not only increases forest fires but also increases air pollution. The burning of stubble and residues in agriculture is also an important contributor to forest fires. It causes an increase in PM 2.5 in the air, which collides with other harmful substances like chemical gas and pollen, creating smog.

In urban cities, vehicle pollution is the main contributor to air pollution. When your car burns gasoline, it emits pollutants into the air that is just as harmful as smoking 10 cigarettes a day. It emits carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. When vehicle pollution is high in the atmosphere, it creates a hole in the ozone layer, which contributes to smog and causes various health problems. Burning garbage outdoors is more harmful to your health and the environment than you might think.

 
What are the harmful effects of air pollution on human being and the environment?

✅ The most worrying effect of air pollution in according to scientists and environmentalist is global warming. Global warming is a direct consequence of the greenhouse effect caused by high levels of CO2 and methane being emitted into the atmosphere. Most of these emissions are caused by industry. This can be remedied with social responsibility and the action of companies and factories.

✅ Climate change is another consequence of global warming. When the temperature of the planet rises, the usual climatic cycles are disrupted, which apparently accelerates the changes in those cycles. climate change is causing the melting of ice and this further causes flooding and rising sea levels.

✅ The gases emitted by industry, power plants, boilers, heating, and transportation are very toxic, including sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), which are released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. When these substances accumulate and react with water in the atmosphere, they form dilute solutions of nitric and sulfuric acids. When these concentrations turn to rain, both the environment and the surfaces suffer.

✅ The smog effect takes place when a type of dark fog is concentrated over cities and fields, which is a pollution load and can be of two types: sulphurous smog and photochemical smog, both dangerous and unhealthy. The types of smog are a result of industrial and urban action. However, sulphurous smog mainly originated from the use of coal in many industrial processes, which has been reduced in the most advanced countries, but it remains a problem for developing & underdeveloped countries.

✅ Acid rain, climate change and smog are damaging the earth's surface, polluted water, and gases seep into the earth, changing the composition of the soil, which has a direct impact on agriculture, changing the cultivation cycles and the composition of the food we all eat.

✅ As the ice sheets melt at the poles and sea levels rise, many animal species are threatened whose survival depends on the oceans and rivers. Current climate change leads to ocean temperatures change, and then further change in migration cycles, and many animals are forced to forage in unfamiliar environments. For them, deforestation and poor soil quality also mean the disappearance of ecosystems and habitats and ultimately an imbalance in the behaviour of many wild species.

✅ It is probably one of the foremost obvious and worrying effects on human beings. Pollutants can cause respiratory illnesses and allergies starting from coughs to asthma, cancer, or emphysema.

 

Precaution to be taken to prevent Air Pollution.

✅ Save energy - at home, at work, anywhere.

✅ Look for the ENERGY STAR label when purchasing equipment for a house or office.

✅ Carpool, public transport, or on foot whenever possible.

✅ Consider purchasing "spill-proof" portable gasoline containers if available.

✅ Shred or compost leaves and garden waste.

✅ Use environmentally safe paints and various cleaning products if possible.

✅ Reduce or eliminate the use of fireplaces and wood stoves.

✅ Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.

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WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021 THEME

Hi Guys! we are back again with another interesting blog and this time; it’s related to the theme & poster of WED 2021. We have been celebrating WED for many years, but we could not understand the importance of the environment. The whole world has been suffering from coronavirus since last year and this pandemic has realized the importance of the environment especially oxygen in human life. Development is cool and it should be there every time but not at the expense of the environment. The environment should be above all and we should have the philosophy of environment first.

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021 THEME


If we see the current covid situation, it has become worse in the several parts of the world especially in America, India, Britain, etc. In India, the medical infra is suffering due to the shortages of oxygen and it is known to everyone that we get it free from plants. The shortage of oxygen has realized us the importance of plants in our life. The chaos due to the shortage of oxygen made us think about the way we cut trees in the name of development. We should punish those who illegally cut trees to earn profit without thinking of humanity.

Let us pledge together that this environment day we will plant a tree for our future generation, and one more thought here, that planting of trees is not sufficient, small plants need nourishment like baby kids. While planting trees, you should promise yourself, that "I will take care of this plant whole life". There is no need to celebrate WED if it is not in your DNA. We should stop this hypocrite if we are not cautious about the environment. If you are reading further this post, I am assuming that you are a nature lover and at the end of this blog, I am going to share 10~15 tips that you must follow and serve the motherland.  Writing, reading & taking selfies around the trees is not sufficient, start serving the motherland. We are already too late and if we still did not stop, you can’t save your existence.


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WHAT IS THE THEME OF WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2020?

PREVIOUS YEARS WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY THEMES LIST

 
WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021

World environment day is celebrated every year on 5th June. It is celebrated to create awareness about the environment and encourage to take action to protect the environment. Almost 100 countries participate in environment day. It is the United Nations’ flagship day to promoting international recognition and movement for the environment. Over the years, it has grown to be the most important international platform for environmental public outreach and is well known with the aid of using hundreds of thousands of human beings throughout the world.

THEME OF WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2021


This year Pakistan will host world environment day in partnership with the UN environment program. Under Prime Minister Imran Khan, the Government of Pakistan – in one of the world’s maximum bold afforestation efforts – plans to increase and repair the country’s forests through a 10 billion tree tsunami unfold over five years. The marketing campaign consists of restoring mangroves and forests, in addition to planting timber in city settings, which include schools, colleges, public parks, and green belts. Pakistan has released an Ecosystem Restoration Fund to guide nature-primarily based answers to weather alternate and facilitate the transition in the direction of environmentally resilient, ecologically centered tasks protecting afforestation and biodiversity conservation.

This year’s observance of World Environment Day will be on the topic of ‘ecosystem restoration and attention to resetting our relationship with nature. It may also mark the formal release of the UN decade on ecosystem restoration 2021-2030

Being the host of World Environment Day, Pakistan will highlight environmental issues and showcase the country’s initiatives and its role in global efforts. The day will be celebrated across the world through various events and activities, in line with the latest COVID-19 regulations.


WHAT IS THE ECOSYSTEM?

The ecosystem is the structural and useful unit of ecology wherein the living organisms interact with every different and encompassing environment. In different words, an ecosystem is a series of interactions among organisms and their environment. The term “Ecosystem” was first coined by A.G.Tansley. There are two types of ecosystem terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem. A land-based ecosystem is known as a terrestrial ecosystem. The terrestrial ecosystem is further distributed and divided into various geological zones. They are as follows forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, tundra Ecosystem, and desert ecosystems ecosystem present in water bodies is known as an aquatic ecosystem. It is further dived into the freshwater ecosystem and marine ecosystem. When we talk about the structure of the ecosystem it split into biotic and abiotic. All the life in the ecosystem is known as biotic components, while all the non-living component of an ecosystem is known as abiotic components. The major functions of the ecosystem are it supports life systems, regulates ecological processes, cycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components.


WHY ECOSYSTEMS ARE NECESSARY

The ecosystem includes all the living organisms and the interaction among them and with their surroundings in each place or area. They exist from grain soil to forests, rivers, wetlands, grasslands, and coral reefs.

The ecosystem gives us innumerable benefits which include a good climate, fresh air, water, food, and materials of different kinds.it protects us from natural disasters and diseases. Natural ecosystems are necessary for our overall health. But the ecosystem is facing massive threats in the entire world. Forests are being cut, rivers and lakes are polluted with industrial waste and sewage, mountains soils are eroded, farmlands and grasslands are overused. So, we must change our ways and restore the ecosystem.


STEPS WE MUST TAKE ON WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY

✅ We can announce restoration projects at the local, regional, or national levels.

✅ We can also volunteer for the existing restoration project.

✅ We can clean up any surrounding area like lakes, beaches, parks, etc.

✅ We can grow indigenous trees or plants in our home, school, business area, public spaces.

✅ We can donate to restoration initiatives.

✅ We can hold a discussion, online campaign to draw attention to climate change.


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