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April 2021 ~ Social Posts

ESSAY ON EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA


Have you ever imagined how the education system was there in ancient times? How did the student use to study in those days? Was it like the current system? What all were their subjects? How had they got the education? I’m sure you become curious after having the thunderstorm of questions, aren’t you? If you are excited and now want to know the answers to all these questions, then you are at the right place.


This post will cover the rich heritage education system of India & how it’s different from the current education system. This blog will cover the influence that happened on the education system of India due to the arrival of several invaders like Mughal’s, Portuguese, Britisher’s etc.

Earlier, India had the Gurukul system in which any individual who wished to learn went to the guru’s house and requested to be trained. If the guru would accept him as his student, then he would stay at the Gurukul. This created a strong tie between the guru and his student. The guru taught everything that he felt he could teach from Sanskrit to the sacred scriptures, mathematics, metaphysics, etc. All the learning related to nature and life and not kept remembering data.

English language, the modern schooling system was brought by Britishers in India. Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay was the person who brought the modern school system in the 1830’s. The syllabus was limited to subjects such as science, mathematics and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered useless. Teaching was limited to class.

The first board was set up in the Uttar Pradesh board of high school and intermediate education in the year 1921 with ward over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. The board of high school and intermediate education Rajputana was set up in the year 1929. Some more boards were established in some other states. In the end in 1952 the constitution of the board was changed, and it was renamed central board of secondary education (CBSE). All schools in Delhi and some different areas went under the board.



Current Education Pattern of India

Education in India is mainly administered by government-funded schools (controlled and funded by authorities at three levels: Center, state and ward schools) and non-public schools. According to various articles of the Indian Constitution, young people between the ages of 6 and 14 are provided free and compulsory education as a fundamental right. Until 1976, the teaching approach and its application were legally permitted by the respective states in India. The 42nd Amendment to the 1976 Constitution made education a "concurrent subject" & from now on, central and state governments have a conventional obligation to subsidize and deliver training. State governments and local government agencies run most primary and secondary schools, and the number of government schools is growing day by day. Private schools are not too far in this race and private running school are also flourish at an exponential pace.

Between 2005 and 2006, 83.13% of primary schools (grades 1 to 8) were under government supervision, and 16.86% of schools were under private management. Of the private-run schools, 33% were aided and 66% were unaided. Enrolment in grades 1-8 is split between the government and the private school is 73:27. However, this proportion is higher in rural areas (80:20) and much lower in metropolitan areas (36:66).

At the primary and secondary levels, India has a very large framework for school learning that complements public schools. 29% of students received private education in the 6-14 age group. Some post-secondary technical schools are also private.


In we go through the education system of India, then it primarily divided into 3 parts i.e., primary, secondary & tertiary. Primary education is further divided into two parts such as lower primary from class 1st to 5th & upper primary starts from 6th till 8th. It is compulsory & free across the nation. It begins at the age of 6 and ends at the age of 14.  Post-primary education, secondary education starts that is further classified as lower & upper secondary. 9th & 10th are considered in lower secondary while 11th & 12th are considered in upper secondary. Based on the performance in lower secondary, students may opt for science, commerce or arts based on their interest & merit. Tertiary education includes all the bachelor & master’s degrees.

 
India’s New education policy 2020 (NEP)

The NEP is a comprehensive framework for the development of education in the country. The requirement of a new education policy was first felt in 1964 when Congressman Sidheshwar Prasad criticized the current government for its lack of an educational vision and philosophy. In the same year, a 17-person education commission was formed under the direction of UGC chairman DS Kothari to develop a coordinated and national education policy. Based on the proposals made by this committee, parliament adopted the first education policy in 1968.


India’s NEP usually arrives every few decades. India has had three to date. First in 1968 under Indira Gandhi and the second in 1986, under Rajiv Gandhi. The NEP of 1986 was re-examined in 1992 under PV Narasimha Rao. The third is the NEP 2020 announced under Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The NEP proposes essential changes, including opening Indian higher education to overseas universities, abolishing UGC and the All-India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), and introducing a multi-disciplinary four-year undergraduate program with multiple exits & entries options and discontinuing of M Phil's programs.

In school education, policies are focused on making the syllabus easier examinations, reducing syllabus to maintain "basics”, and emphasizing "experiential learning".

In a major shift from the 1986 policy that emphasized a 10 + 2 school structure, the new NEP offers an age-appropriate "5 + 3 + 3 + 4" design corresponding to 3-8 (foundational level). 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle level) and 14-18 (secondary). This means that early childhood education (also called pre-school education for children aged 3 to 5 years) is included in formal education. The average daily meal plan is expanded for pre-schoolers. According to the NEP, students up to grade 5 must be taught in their mother tongue or national language.

The policy also recommends the discontinuation of all single-stream institutions and all universities and colleges should strive to become multidisciplinary by 2040.

The NEP provides only broad guidelines and does not need to be followed. Since education is a concurrent subject (both the central and state governments can legislate on it), the proposed reforms can only be implemented jointly by the centre and the states. It won't happen right away. The current government has set a goal of implementing all policies by 2040. Adequate funding is also important. The 1968 NEP was hampered by a lack of funds.

The government plans to establish subject wise committees with members of relevant ministries at the national and state levels to develop implementation plans for each aspect of the NEP. The plan outlines actions to be taken by several agencies including the Department of Human Resources, the Department of State Education, the School Board, NCERT, the Central Education Advisory Council and the National Testing Agency. Planning is followed by an annual joint progress review based on defined objectives.

This the first part of the blog. In the coming blogs, we are going to cover various important topics related to the education system of India like why the girl’s education is important, A grading system in India, is the grading system good or bad? Different boards in India, and many more topics related to the Indian education system.

That’s it for today guys, goodbye & take care. Stay safe & stay healthy.
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LONG ESSAY ON POLLUTION & ITS TYPES


Pollution is the introduction of any harmful substance in the environment that is harmful to the existence of human being, animals, and various species. Various types of pollution affect the natural environment and quality of living. Different types of pollution are causing various types of environmental issues. There are various types of pollution that can be broadly classified as follows.

👉Air pollution

👉Water pollution

👉Soil pollution

👉Noise pollution

👉Plastic pollution

👉Radioactive contamination

👉Light pollution

👉Thermal pollution

👉Visual pollution

 

AIR POLLUTION

Air pollution is the presence of harmful matter or gases in the environment that change the natural composition or natural environment causing a detrimental effect on human health and various living species. When we talk about air pollution, there are various activities contributing to the increasing pollution primarily classified into natural & man-made activities. Various harmful gases to name a few are ammonia, carbon monoxide, methane, CFC, and other air pollutants which are either organic or inorganic.


Read More: ESSAY ON AIR POLLUTION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS IN ENGLISH

 

WATER POLLUTION

Water pollution simply means contaminating the natural water bodies by various human activities. Water contamination happens when destructive/harmful substances such as frequently synthetic compounds (substance formed by any chemical reaction) or microorganisms taint a stream, lake, sea, spring, or other waterways, contaminating water quality. Water contamination mainly occurs because of untreated factory chemicals & untreated domestic sewage directly disposing of in the nearby river or other water bodies.

SOIL POLLUTION

Soil contamination is characterized as the presence of poisonous synthetics (toxins or pollutants) in soil, insufficiently high fixations to represent a danger to human wellbeing or potentially the environment. Because of foreign substances which happen normally in soil, in any event, when their levels are not sufficiently high to represent a danger, soil contamination is yet said to happen if the levels of the toxins in soil surpass the levels that ought to normally be available.

Soil contamination refers to whatever causes pollution of soil and degrade the dirt quality.  soil contamination can happen either because of human exercises or on account of regular cycles. In any case, for the most part, it is because of human exercises. The dirt defilement can happen because of the presence of synthetic compounds like pesticides, herbicides, alkali, petrol hydrocarbons, lead, nitrate, mercury, naphthalene, and so on in an abundance amount.

 

NOISE POLLUTION

In simple terms, noise pollution means the undesirable or exaggerated sound that can adversely affect human ears, natural life, and ecological quality. Sound is measured in dB and if it is below 70dB, then it is not harmful to human being and living organisms. Continuous excessive sound pollution can cause hearing loss.

 

PLASTIC POLLUTION

Plastic contamination is the collection of plastic items and particles (for example plastic jugs, sacks) on the Earth's surface that adversely influences natural life, natural life territory, and people. According to the classifications by sizes, Plastics that go about as contaminations are arranged into miniature, meso, or large-scale trash. Plastics are easy for carrying for transportation and owing to numerous usages across, human produces lots of plastic in their lifetime. There are 7 different types of plastic such as PET, HDPE, LDPE, PVC, PS, PP and others. In the next blog, we will share all the details related to different types of plastics.



RADIOACTIVE POLLUTION

Radioactive contamination can be classified into natural and man-made because radioactive pollution includes nuclear accidents from nuclear generations plants, the use of nuclear weapons, use of radioisotopes. Radioisotopes are utilized to make locators and in other modern exercises. Isotopes, for example, uranium have high groupings of radiation in them. Then again, regular Isotopes, for example, carbon-containing radioactive material are effortlessly found in streams through sewage lines.

Since the greater part of the crude sewage is untreated before discharge, when delivered, the isotope consolidates with different mixtures and components present in water.

 

LIGHT POLLUTION

Light pollution is the presence of fake light regardless of dull conditions. Light pollution competes with starlight in the night sky for metropolitan tenants, intrudes with galactic (milky way galaxy) observatories, and, like some other kind of pollution, disturbs organic frameworks and has threatening prosperity impacts.

Light pollution is a consequence of present-day human advancement. Its sources join structure outside and inside lighting, publicizing, outdoors locale lighting, (for instance, the vehicle leaves), working environments, creation lines, streetlights, and illuminated displaying settings.

THERMAL POLLUTION

The simple meaning of thermal pollution is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes surrounding water temperature. Thermal pollution is typically connected with an increase of water temperatures in a stream, lake, or sea because of the release of warmed water from modern cycles, like the generation of power.

 

VISUAL POLLUTION

Visual pollution is a new concern between the existing excess of environmental pollution. It refers to the pollution that reduces one’s ability to enjoy a pleasant view. Excess of overhead wires, advertising boards, billboards, buildings affects a person’s ability to enjoy the natural view.

 

Kindly note, this is the first post on Pollution, and we are going to cover each & every aspect of pollution in the coming blogs. We will discuss how these different types of pollution impacting our environment, our day-to-day life & also what are the measures to be taken to solve the problem.
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HEALTHY HAIR GROWTH WITH BIOTIN


Hair growth is a natural process and is genetic. The blood flowing in your scalp goes to the follicle and supplies oxygen and other nutrients to the hair root, resulting in hair growth. Who would not love beautiful and thick hair? In this post, we would cover how biotin helps in hair growth. Let us first understand the factors that affect hair growth.



✅ Diet- Focus on having a healthy diet and avoid restrict-dieting. Restrict-dieting can not only affect your body but your hair as well. When your hair stops getting the required nutrition, it may start shedding or can lose the shine and can get dry as well.

✅ Prefer a Protein-rich Diet- Include a minimum of 50 gm protein intake in your daily diet. In case if you are vegetarian, take pulses, sprouts, kidney beans etc. Non-vegetarians can take fish as a source of protein.

✅ Other Nutrients- Not only protein but include other nutrients in your food plan as well. Other nutrients for a healthy hair-growth can be-

 

* Biotin

* Iron

* Vitamin C, D, and E

* Zinc

* Omega-3 and Omega-6

 

✅ Massaging your Hair - It is necessary to massage your scalp with a good oil regularly. A good massage not only relieves stress but increases blood flow and helps your hair grow faster. It thickens your hair and provides a healthy amount of nutrition to your hair. Choose essential oils to fasten the process even more. Various essential oils like rosemary oil, peppermint oil, pumpkin seed oil, jojoba oil, may increase your hair count as well.

✅ Watch-out the Heat- Hair-Straightening or Hot Iron Hair-Curling, Blow Drying are the Modern Era’s fashion statement. But watch-out while doing these activities or at least do not overdo these. Regular heat may damage your hair and can affect hair growth as well. Try decreasing the temperature of the heating device such as Hair-Straightener, Curling Iron or Hair Dryer. Although there are heat protectants available in the market which can be used to protect the hair from getting damaged.

✅ Avoid colouring your hair on a regular basis- Putting hair-dye or colour into your hair scalp on a regular basis can cause hair breakage. The chemicals used in hair colour products give stress to your hair, hence hair-fall persists.

 

Why Biotin is important for Hair-growth?

Who does not want to have those picture-perfect shiny and lengthy hair! And why is the market flooded with Keratin smooth shampoos or why do they ask you to have Keratin smooth hair?

What is Keratin and how it is related to Biotin?

Keratin is a basic protein that maintains good hair, skin, and nail health. While Biotin helps in producing Keratin in the body and improves Keratin infrastructure. Keratin reduces the fizziness, works on split ends reduction, and helps to bond the hair back together.

Biotin is basically a water-soluble vitamin. Biotin is found in various veg and non-veg foods. It is also called vitamin B7 or Vitamin H.

Biotin is on the top of the list when we talk of Hair-food. Following are some Biotin Rich Foods-


* Cucumber

* Eggs

* Whole Grains

* Organ Meat especially Pork Liver.

* Walnuts

* peanuts

* Almonds

* Cauliflower

* Broccoli

* Spinach

* Mushroom

* Dairy products such as Milk, Curd, or Cheese.

* Chicken

* Bananas

* Apples

* Tomatoes

* Potatoes

* Carrots

* Legumes such as peas and beans

* Lettuce and a lot more.

 

The above pointers summarize the fact our daily food intake has the required amount of Biotin.

But in this busy life of today, we often skip meals and miss to get the daily nutrition need of our body. Supplements have become a part of life. But while taking supplements we usually focus on Iron, Calcium, or Multi-vitamin, not on Biotin.

If you are facing any Biotin Deficiency issues, along with trying Biotin-rich shampoos and conditioners for your hair, your doctor can advise you to take Biotin Supplements which will have a positive effect on your body as well as on your hair.

According to a Case study 2015, Biotin is good for Hair Growth. Taking an adequate amount of Biotin is good for hair strengthening. The study says that after using Biotin supplements for around 80-190 days, there tends to be an increase in hair in men and women.

It is to be noted that, no supplements should be taken without any medical supervision. It is better to have a nutritional diet and save yourself from malnutrition. Keep a check on what and how much are you eating. Keeping a scale might lead to less health, hair, or skin problems.

This will help you in resolving your issue of Hair-growth and how you can add Biotin to your diet to have a healthy Hair-growth!

Stay healthy! Stay happy!


About Author : 

Focusing on fitness, athletic training, health, and wellness, Aditya writes science-based articles to inform and educate people about the most recent trends in his industry. Apart from this, he loves trekking, mountain climbing, and cricket.

Disclaimer

The views & opinions expressed in this blog/post solely belong to the original author. The information provided in this blog is only for information purpose and we advise to consult form the doctor/specialist before making any decisions. Any decision without consultation is therefore strictly at your own risk and we are not liable for any damages, claims, etc.


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Social Activist cum Filmmaker Vikash Raj Saxena opens up about his upcoming social awareness Short Film, PARCHHAI

 



‘Zindagi’ fame, Vikash Raj Saxena who has been consistently making round in the artistic circuit for his short films is busy in shooting his second short film, PARCHHAI. Mr. Saxena who made his directorial debut with Zindagi has received awards in the Special Category for Best Social Awareness in Sincine Cine Film Festival apart from being awarded for Best Message Award in Reels International Film Festival. Mr. Saxena has also written the script and dialogues for the upcoming Short Film, ‘Last Chance’.
  Parchhai is based on the thought-process of a girl’s life which we ignore hardly in the wake of modernity. Mr. Saxena says, “A film should also contain a positive message and a relatability with our life apart from the entertainment quotient. In my opinion, a film should portray all those aspects which could invoke a sense of positivity. And in order to match up with the quality standards, we are regularly giving chances to new artists and picking stories under the banner of Literia Insight. Literia Insight tries to produce short films on various societal themes and PARCHHAI is not an exception.”

The film is being produced by Nitish Raj. Mr. Raj has also produced the award-winning short film, Zindagi which was based on one of the stories of his debut Short-Story collection, ‘Love In Modern Times’. In the words of Nitish Raj, “The job of a producer is to not just ensure the quality of the work but also have a look at the other aspects which could infuse a sense of positivity. We need to understand the demarcation between good and bad. We are constantly trying to make films on such themes which could leave a long-lasting impact on the minds of the viewers.”

PARCHHAI tries to make us aware of the basic traits of an individual which makes us a complete human being as we shouldn’t mock a person in adversity. As unwanted circumstances can happen in anyone’s life, so it becomes imperative that we focus on our strengths in order to grow in life.

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