What is Adulteration of food in India?

Food is one of the basic necessities for survival of life. No one can imagine life without food. A pure & good healthy diet is most essential for the health of the people. It is no wonder to say that the health of the community is equivalent to the country’s wealth. The moment we hear the word “Food”, all the delicious dishes comes to our mind.

But have you ever thought about the food that all we are eating?

Have you ever thought about the quality of the food?

Is it matching the quality standards describe by the several organizations?

In today’s time, Adulteration of food in India has become a very serious problem and whatever you eat, chances are very high that it has been adulterated. Adulteration is the process or the act that lowers the quality of Food. In this process, either the inferior products are added or extraction of valuable ingredient take place.  It is very dangerous for your health.

Types of Food Adulteration

The different types of food adulteration are as follows

•  Intentional adulteration: An adulteration is called intentional adulteration if inferior products are added deliberately with the intention to increase the profit. Materials like sand, marble chips, stones, chalk powder etc. are used in intentional adulteration.

•  Incidental Adulteration: Adulterants are found in food due to negligence, ignorance or lack of proper facilities. Example Packaging hazards like larvae of insects, droppings, pesticide residues, etc.

•  Metallic adulteration: When the metallic substances are added intentionally or accidentally. Example arsenic, pesticides, lead from water, mercury from effluents, tins from cans, etc.

Facts & Figures of Adulteration

•  In the year 2016-17, the adulteration rate of food in India is almost 25%. It means if you are going to test four samples, at least one out of four will be come out as adulterated.

•  Overall 23.28% (14130 out of 60671) of all samples analyzed in 2016-17 were found adulterated/ misbranded and legal cases have been filed in 75% of cases.

•  More than 68 percent of the milk and milk products sold in our country is not as per the standards defined by the FSSAI.

•  The adulteration rate of food in India has been increased to 23.4% in 2016~17 in comparison of 19.5% in 2014~15.

•  Punjab and Uttar Pradesh topped the food adulteration list with 55% and 42% of their analyzed samples found to be adulterated/misbranded respectively.

Why Adulteration is happening?

Shopkeeper always tries to maximize his profit and in order to get high profits, he lowers the quality of the products. It is one of the main reasons for the adulteration of food in India.

Examples of Adulteration in India

•  Milk is adulterated using water, chalk, caustic soda etc. Some dairies make synthesis milk using urea, sodium sulphate, glucose, Vanaspati ghee, detergent powder etc. In the same way, Khoya is adulterated with paper, refined oil, skimmed milk powder etc.

•  Spices are also adulterated like turmeric is adulterated by mixing with metanil yellow. Papaya seeds are mixed with black pepper and brick powder is added in the chilli powder. Coriander powder is also used to adulterated wood powder.

•  Vegetables are often bleached to look fresh and bright. Some vegetables are artificially coloured with green colour to look bright green and fresh.

Prevention of Adulteration of Food in India

FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) is an autonomous body established under the ministry of health & family welfare. It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety. In 2006, the food safety & standards act has been passed in the parliament which includes all the rules & regulations related to food safety in India.

One of the main tips to stop the food adulteration is to Choose better. Whenever you are going to buy any food, please check to ensure that it must have FSSAI validated label. It includes various details like FSSAI license number, detailed list of ingredients and clear expiration date.


For healthy India, Adulteration of food must be stopped and it is moral responsibility of everyone whether it is the manufactures or consumer. Let’s take the oath to start working in this campaign and helps each other to get rid of this adulteration.

Thanks for reading our article. Kindly share your feedback in the comment box. Keep visiting us and give your support to make our nation healthy & wealthy.


What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi

Delhi is the capital city of India & with reference to the reports published by the WHO in 2014, Delhi is the most polluted city in the world & the quality of Air is very Poor in Delhi. The quality of air even become more worse at the time of winter in Delhi. The inhale of this air is very dangerous and it causes several types of problems such as irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat, coughing, sneezing and shortness of breath, asthma, heart disease etc. Sometimes, it also becomes the reasons for the death of several persons.

What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi

The various measures that can be taken to improve the quality of air are as follows.

•  The first & foremost step is the plantation of trees. The Delhi Government must launch a campaign to plant the trees in the city. Only fresh air can counter the excessive amounts of pollutants that made the quality of air poor in Delhi.

What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi

•  Promote the use of public transport by providing some incentives to the citizens of Delhi and also ensure to provide the last mile connectivity. Public vehicles like bus and metro can carry more people on one journey. A carpool is also a good option.

•  The cycle is the eco-friendly mode for traveling so if the government can provide lanes for cycling so it would help in minimizing the pollution.

•  Start awareness and education in schools & residential areas specific to environmental problems, and what each of us can do on our parts to add value to the environment.

•  Burning coals is one of the main sources in the production of electricity. Develop the infrastructure for renewable energies which are pollution free like solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy etc.

•  Immediately ban the burning of crop residue not only in Delhi but also in the state of Haryana, Punjab & Rajasthan.

•  Drink water in the adequate amount as it helps in flushing toxins from the body. Eat fruits that are loaded with vitamin C, magnesium, and fatty acids. These fruits are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds and help in boosting immunity. 

•  Keeps some air purifying plants inside your buildings to protect yourself from the pollution. Plant more and more trees must be planted everywhere.

What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi

•  Made the strict traffic rules and in any of violation of any traffic rules, fine them. Increase fines as high as possible to create the fear of traffic police among all the peoples.

•  Use the electricity wisely and switch off the appliances in case of no use. It is highly recommendable to buy the high rating electronics appliances.

•  Smoking is very dangerous not only for the health of human but for the air quality as well. Stop smoking and encourage those around you to do the same.

•  It takes more energy and natural resources to make new things, increasing the environmental footprint of those products, compared with those products that are made from recycled materials.

•  Use eco-friendly products at your home. For example, opt for low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) or no VOC paints for your home.  


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