What is the Story of Rani Padmavati?


Rani Padmavati was born in the Sinhala Kingdom of King Gandharvsena. She was very beautiful.



At the time of Marriage of Rani Padmavati, a Swayamvar was organized and the challenge of that swayamvar was to defeat the masked royal swordsman in the fight to marry the rani Padmavati. It was not known to anyone that the royal swordsman was the princess herself. She was a good warrior. In the swayamvar, Rana Ratan Singh of Chittorgarh was also present and he was a great warrior of all time. Ratan Singh of Chittorgarh defeated the masked royal swordsman i.e. Rani Padmavati herself.  As per the challenge of that swayamvar, she married with Ratan Singh. 

Story of Rani Padmavati
Rana Ratan Singh was also passionate for the arts and owing to this, his royal court had several talented and skillful artists. Among all of them, one was Raghav Chetan.  He was a great Painter but he was obsessed with black magic that required the sacrifices of child & animals. One day, Rana Ratan Singh was roaming in his kingdom and he caught the Raghav Chetan red-handed. King banished him from the kingdom after much humiliation.


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati

Due to this humiliation and removal from the kingdom, Raghav Chetan decided to take revenge from Rana Ratan Singh. He left Chittorgarh and went to Delhi. After reaching to Delhi, he tried to meet with Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi. The Sultan was very cruel and mass murderer. Raghav Chetan tried several times and at the end, he was able to impress the Alauddin Khilji. Owing to the skills of Arts and Magic, He was able to reach the court of Khilji. He shared all the details of Chittorgarh to the Alauddin Khilji and also described the Rani Padmavati, the most beautiful lady present on the universe.  Due to this Praise of Rani Padmavati, Khilji became mad and wanted to see the Rani Padmavati desperately. He sent information and shared his wish to see the real beauty of Chittorgarh to the king of Chittorgarh.


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati

Sensing no danger, King of Chittorgarh requested his wife to meet him but Rani Padmavati denied to meet him. She said if Alauddin Khilji wanted to meet her then he could see her reflection in the mirror only. The King of Chittorgarh communicated the same to Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi. He agreed and came to Chittorgarh to meet Rani Padmavati. Under the disguise of this meeting, Alauddin Khilji also brought his best army men to find out the defense loopholes of Chittorgarh. On the arrival of Alauddin Khilji at Chittorgarh, the arrangements were made and mirrors were set in such a way that Alauddin Khilji could see the reflection of Rani Padmavati. After watching her reflection, he got obsessed and now he wanted to have her.


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati

With the motive to get Rani Padmavati, Alauddin Khilji asked Ratan Singh to visit his camp outside the royal residence. Accepting this request, Ratan Singh visited and the wicked sultan took him as a prisoner. He sent a message to rani Padmavati to surrender herself if she wanted to see her husband alive.
The Rani Padmavati went to Gora and shared the complete story. Gora assured the rani that he would bring back the Rana Ratan Singh to the mahal. He arranged 700 doolies of warriors and reached the camp of Alauddin Khilji and stopped where the Rana Ratan Singh was kept. All of a sudden, Soldiers turned out from the doolies and assaulted on the soldiers of Alauddin Khilji and effectively recovered Ratan Singh and sent to the mahal securely. In this battle, Gora died but became successful to get Ratan Singh out from the Jail of Alauddin Khilji.   
The Sultan was furious when he heard this and he immediately decided to invade Chittor. The Sultan's army tried very hard to break the security but they could not succeed in doing so. King Ratan Singh ordered all Rajputs to open their doors and face the Alauddin army.


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati

The numbers of soldiers in the sultan army were very huge and owing to this, Rani Padmavati decided to do Johar. Rani Padmavati made a big fire Kund for Jauhar. Jauhar was the brave and proud decision taken by the Rani Padmavati & other women to save their dignity.  On getting the news of Jauhar, Alauddin Khilji gathered more army men and ordered to siege the fort walls from all sides and was able to capture the one gate of the fort. After hearing this news, Rani Padmavati along with the other females walked down to Jauhar Kund through secret passage linked with Chittorgarh.   All were singing bravery songs and then jumped into the fire. Rani Padmavati was the first one to the fire Kund and thereafter other females follow.  The entire palace was echoed by their cries. 


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati


By the time, when the Khilji & his army captured the entire fort and claimed their authority to the royal residence and women, they were welcomed by the sad sounds coming from the Kund.  Due to sad and painful sounds of females, Alauddin Khilji ordered to permanently close the tunnel passage and thereafter never opened it.


What is the Story of Rani Padmavati

This is the story of Rani Padmavati Johar. I hope you liked it. Please share this story with your friends, family, relatives, etc. through social media.
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Why are Cows Sacred in Hinduism?


In India, the cow is considered a sacred animal in the Hindu religion. She is revered, honored and respected and we all consider Cow as Mother. The Indian culture gives a special place to the mother cow.  The cow takes very less from us and gives us more. Thus, the cow has a prominent place in the life of human beings. Our entire life is dependent on the cow. Hindus consider the cow as their mother and the reason is the birth-giving mother gives milk to its child only for one or two years, but the mother cow gives milk throughout her life. 


Why are cows sacred in Hinduism


As per the Vedas or Purana, Cows are the mother of the universe.  All-important Gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, Saraswathi, Parvati, Lakshmi, etc. reside inside the body of the cow.  Due to this, Cows are sacred & auspicious.


•  In the old times, cows had an important role in yajna. Yajna is the ritual performed by the priests to make God Happy and in Yajna, Brahmins offered the ahuti to the Gods. Yajna is the born of action and happening of rain possible after doing yajna. Food is produced from rain and the existence of life is possible due to the food only. The Yajna depend upon the cows as the havishya (food which is used as offering to the Gods) offered to God is produced through the agriculture with the help of cow species.  The Brahmanas also purify themselves before the yajna by taking the mixture of cow milk, cow curd, cow ghee, cow urine, and cow dung, etc. It destroys all the sins and the place of yajna is also purified by spreading urine & dungs of Cow.




•  The next reason for considering the cow as a sacred animal in Hinduism is the high-value products that we are getting from Cow. We are getting Milk from Mother Cow and there are several ways to use that milk. It can be transformed into yogurt, ghee, and buttermilk. Not only the milk but also the Cow Dung and the Cow Urine are useful as well. The cow dung is used as fertilizer for crop and fuel for cooking the food. The cow urine is very useful for the medical purpose and it has anti-cancer, antibacterial, anti-fungal and antioxidant properties.

But the situation is not the same in the current time.  The human has become selfish and for the benefits of himself, he starts the torturing of cows.




Several examples of torturing Cows are as follows.

•  Have you ever seen the Indian dairy custom phookan that is illegal by law but it is practiced on thousands of cows daily? A stick is poked into her uterus that causes severe pain in the belief that this stress will lead to a gush of more milk in the udder.

•  In some farms, farmers give injections to the cows or buffaloes so that they will produce much more milk than they would naturally.

•  When the milk production of cows decreases after a few years, the mother cows are killed and their flesh & skin is sold.

•  Cows roam here & there for the searching of foods and the search of food ends when the cow reach to any land filled with garbage.  Cows eat plastic, metal and several other injurious materials lying in the dump yard. It is one of the prime factors for the death of Cows.


Why are Cows Sacred in Hinduism


•  We have found cattle being branded by the owners so they can identify them. After finishing the milking, the dairy owners allow the cattle to roam on the streets, where they eat garbage and come under the wheels of vehicles.

•  Oxytocin is given to ease labor in women and when given to cows, it affects their uterus. It does not make the total output more but just makes the milk gush out faster. “Basically, the cows go through labor pains twice a day.



Conclusion

The cows are the cause of everlasting nourishment and foundation of prosperity. So, we should protect her and work for the welfare of the cows.

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What is Adulteration of food in India?


Food is one of the basic necessities for the survival of life. No one can imagine life without food. A pure & good healthy diet is most essential for the health of the people. It is no wonder to say that the health of the community is equivalent to the country’s wealth. The moment we hear the word “Food”, all the delicious dishes comes to our mind.

But have you ever thought about the food that all we are eating?

Have you ever thought about the quality of the food?

Is it matching the quality standards describe by the several organizations?

In today’s time, Adulteration of food in India has become a very serious problem and whatever you eat, chances are very high that it has been adulterated. Adulteration is the process or the act that lowers the quality of Food. In this process, either the inferior products are added or extraction of valuable ingredient take place.  It is very dangerous for your health.




Types of Food Adulteration

The different types of food adulteration are as follows

•  Intentional adulteration: An adulteration is called intentional adulteration if inferior products are added deliberately with the intention to increase the profit. Materials like sand, marble chips, stones, chalk powder, etc. are used in intentional adulteration.

•  Incidental Adulteration: Adulterants are found in food due to negligence, ignorance or lack of proper facilities. Example Packaging hazards like larvae of insects, droppings, pesticide residues, etc.

•  Metallic adulteration: When the metallic substances are added intentionally or accidentally. Example arsenic, pesticides, lead from water, mercury from effluents, tins from cans, etc.


Facts & Figures of Adulteration


•  Overall 23.28% (14130 out of 60671) of all samples analyzed in 2016-17 were found adulterated/ misbranded and legal cases have been filed in 75% of cases.

•  More than 68 percent of the milk and milk products sold in our country is not as per the standards defined by the FSSAI.


•  Punjab and Uttar Pradesh topped the food adulteration list with 55% and 42% of their analyzed samples found to be adulterated/misbranded respectively.


Why Adulteration is happening?

Shopkeeper always tries to maximize his profit and in order to get high profits, he lowers the quality of the products. It is one of the main reasons for the adulteration of food in India.


Examples of Adulteration in India

•  Milk is adulterated using water, chalk, caustic soda, etc. Some dairies make synthesis milk using urea, sodium sulphate, glucose, Vanaspati ghee, detergent powder, etc. In the same way, Khoya is adulterated with paper, refined oil, skimmed milk powder, etc.

•  Spices are also adulterated like turmeric powder is adulterated by mixing with metanil yellow chemical. Papaya seeds are mixed with black pepper and brick powder is added in the chilli powder. Coriander powder is also used to adulterated wood powder.




•  Vegetables are often bleached to look fresh and bright. Some vegetables are artificially coloured with green colour to look bright green and fresh.


Prevention of Adulteration of Food in India

FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) is an autonomous body established under the ministry of health & family welfare responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety. In 2006, the food safety & standards act has been passed in the parliament which includes all the rules & regulations related to food safety in India.




One of the main tips to stop the food adulteration is to Choose better. Whenever you are going to buy any food, please check to ensure that it must have an FSSAI validated label. It includes various details like FSSAI license number, detailed list of ingredients and clear expiration date.


Conclusion


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What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi


Delhi is the capital city of India & with reference to the reports published by the WHO in 2014, Delhi is the most polluted city in the world & the quality of Air is very Poor in Delhi. The quality of air even become worse at the time of winter in Delhi. The inhale of this air is very dangerous and it causes several types of problems such as irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat, coughing, sneezing and shortness of breath, asthma, heart disease, etc. Sometimes, it also becomes the reasons for the death of several persons.


What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi



The various measures that can be taken to improve the quality of air are as follows.

•  The first & foremost step is the plantation of trees. The Delhi Government must launch a campaign to plant the trees in the city. Only fresh air can counter the excessive amounts of pollutants that made the quality of air poor in Delhi.


What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi


•  Promote the use of public transport by providing some incentives to the citizens of Delhi and also ensure to provide the last mile connectivity. Public vehicles like bus and metro can carry more people on one journey. A carpool is also a good option.


•  The cycle is the eco-friendly mode for traveling so if the government can provide lanes for cycling so it would help in minimizing the pollution.


•  Start awareness and education in schools & residential areas specific to environmental problems, and what each of us can do on our parts to add value to the environment.

•  Burning coals is one of the main sources in the production of electricity. Develop the infrastructure for renewable energies which are pollution free like solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, etc.

•  Immediately ban the burning of crop residue not only in Delhi but also in the state of Haryana, Punjab & Rajasthan.

•  Drink water in the adequate amount as it helps in flushing toxins from the body. Eat fruits that are loaded with vitamin C, magnesium, and fatty acids. These fruits are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds and help in boosting immunity. 

•  Keeps some air purifying plants inside your buildings to protect yourself from the pollution. Plant more and more trees must be planted everywhere.


What are the Best Tips to Reduce Air Pollution in Delhi


•  Made the strict traffic rules and in any of violation of any traffic rules, fine them. Increase fines as high as possible to create the fear of traffic police among all the peoples.

•  Use the electricity wisely and switch off the appliances in case of no use. It is highly recommendable to buy high rating electronics appliances.

•  Smoking is very dangerous not only for the health of human but for the air quality as well. Stop smoking and encourage those around you to do the same.

•  It takes more energy and natural resources to make new things, increasing the environmental footprint of those products, compared with those products that are made from recycled materials.

•  Use eco-friendly products at your home. For example, opt for low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) or no VOC paints for your home.  



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