What is the history of National Technology Day?


National Technology day is one of the important days in the history of India. It is a national event observed every year on 11 may remind the anniversary of the nuclear test conducted in Pokhran in 1998. On 11 may 1998, India successfully tested the Shakti-1 nuclear missile at the Pokhran and after two days, two more nuclear missiles successfully tested at the same place. The entire operation was led by our late president Dr. APJ Adbul Kalam. On the successful testing of multiple missiles, the prime minister of India Late Atal Bihari Bajpai declared India a nuclear state making it the sixth country to join the club of nuclear nations.


history of national technology day


It was not the single event happened on that particular day. Apart from nuclear tests, two more activities happened as mentioned below.

●  On the same day, the first native aircraft of our country, the Hansa-3, was flown in the Bengaluru.  It was developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), a Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) lab. The Hansa-3 was a light two-seater aviation plane used in flying institutes for pilot training, sports, surveillance, aerial photography, and environment-related projects.


History of national technology day


●  Apart from these two activities, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) completed the final test-fire of the Trishul missile after which it was inducted into service by the Indian Army and Indian Airforce. Trishul is a short range surface to air missile developed by India.


history of national technology day


Our Late prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared May 11 as the National Technology Day to celebrate the achievements of the scientists, engineers, and technicians of our country.
To celebrate the success of National Technology Day, the president of India gives awards to the companies and individual for adopting new technologies. Several other events like lectures, competitions, quizzes, presentations and interactive sessions on different aspects of science are organized in various engineering colleges and technical institutes to mark the occasion.


Pokhran II Nuclear Test: Shakti

In 1974, the first nuclear test was conducted at Pokhran in the Rajasthan with a code name of Smiling Buddha. The next nuclear test was conducted by India in 1998 under the supervision of Late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and codename of this test was Shakti. In this test, 5 explosions of nuclear bombs were conducted at the Pokhran test range of Indian Army. Out of these 5 bombs, the first one was a fusion bomb while the other four were fission bombs. The fission bomb uses the isotopes of uranium U-235 and Plutonium P-239 while the fusion bombs use the isotope of hydrogen.


history of national technology day



Conclusion

It is not possible to underestimate the importance of technology in the present world. Technology has influenced every individual and for the development of any country, technology is very crucial. Continuous development in technology is required to make our country prosperous and economically developed.


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