What is the carbon footprint?

The entire world is facing a very serious issue of climate change and the main factor responsible for this serious problem is the emissions of greenhouse gases. A carbon footprint is the total emissions of the greenhouse gases in the environment. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) & water vapour are the main greenhouse gases present in the environment. Greenhouse gases or the greenhouse effect are mainly responsible for the global warming.

carbon footprint

Major factors responsible for greenhouse gas emissions

There are several factors contributing to the emissions of greenhouse gases. Both the natural and human activities are responsible for increasing the carbon footprint. The most common factors are explained below briefly.

•    The burning of fossil fuels is playing major role in the emission of carbon dioxide. The burning of fossil fuels mainly takes place in the vehicles like bus, cars, trucks, ship, aircraft etc. The burning of fossil fuels like coal and natural gases in the generation of electricity also contributes to the emissions of carbon dioxide.

•    The emission of greenhouse gases from agriculture come from livestock such as cows, agricultural soils etc.

•    The emission of nitrous oxide takes place when the uses of fertilizer take places in the agricultural field.

•    Chlorofluorocarbons are mainly present in the refrigerant used for AC, refrigerator etc.  This gas is very harmful to the ozone layer and depletion of ozone layer mainly occurs due to CFC only. 

Carbon Footprint Calculation

Several factors need to be considered while calculating the carbon footprint of an individual family. It includes the carbon emissions generated in the house due to use of electricity, LPG used in the cooking of food, travelling by the members of the family etc.

If you want to calculate the carbon emissions, click here.

Top 5 ways to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases

There are several ways to minimize the emissions of greenhouse gases and if every individual takes the small step, then by combining the individual efforts, the world can be saved from the problem to a large extent.

•    The Plantation is one of the prime methods to reduce the carbon footprint. Trees can absorb the carbon dioxide so it is advisable to plant as many as trees possible.

carbon footprint

•    Currently, the burning the fossil fuels like coal are the main source of generating the electricity in power plant. It is high time to move to the renewable source of energy like solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy etc.

•    Efficiently use the household appliances to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. It is highly recommended to purchase the home appliances with high star ratings. Also, switch off the appliances in case of no need.

•    Use of energy efficient lights like LED is very helpful in minimizing the carbon emissions.

•    Another important way to reduce the carbon footprint is to use the public transport as much as possible. The use of the vehicle are one of the prime contributors and if possible, then start avoiding the use of the private vehicle, it would be very helpful to reduce the carbon emissions.


It is totally in our hands to protect our earth and the contribution from every individual is required to fight this serious issue. By the collective efforts, we can overcome this problem.

Thanks for reading the article. Kindly share your feedback in the comment section and suggest more ways to reduce carbon footprint.

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