What's The Future of Electric Vehicles In India?

The electric vehicle is a revolution and gaining popularity across the world in last few years.  The future of electric vehicles in India is very bright. The market size of the automotive industry in the country is very big and it is one of the key sectors driving economic growth of Indian market. In the financial year 2017, close to 25 million vehicles including passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, three wheeler and two-wheeler were manufactured that was the increase of approximately 5.5% from the previous financial year. However, these vehicles are one of the prime contributors of greenhouse gasses, which keep the country’s environment covered in pollution for several months every year. According to WHO report, 14 Indian cities are among the world 20’s most polluted cities. India’s capital is one of them.

To address the pollution problem of the world, the electric vehicle is the only option for the future and these vehicles replace the petrol and diesel vehicles running on the Indian roads. The Government of India is fully dedicated to make our country a 100% electric vehicle nation by 2030The Indian government has its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions under the global agreement on climate change and to reduce spending on oil imports as well.


The Future of Electric Vehicles In India

In 2015, Indian government had launched one scheme known as Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) to promote electric vehicles in the Indian market. The main objectives of this scheme are as follows.
•  Incentivize for all vehicles segments i.e. two, three or 4 wheeler etc.
•  Provide monetary benefits for adoption and market creation of both hybrid and electric vehicles in the country.

 

What are the companies focusing on electric vehicles projects in India?

The infrastructure of electric vehicle mainly depends upon 3 products i.e. vehicles, batteries and charging stations. There are several companies like Mahindra, Tata, Ashok Leyland, Hero MotoCorp, OK Play India Ltd, Goldstone Infratech, and JBM Auto etc has started to manufacture electric vehicles in the country. Exide Industries and Amara Raja are the two major companies in the production of lithium-ion batteries. Indian oil, NTPC and Tata power is making charging stations across the country.
The Future of Electric Vehicles In India
 

Major Highlights of Indian players working in electric vehicle market sector

After understanding future scope of electric vehicle market in India, several manufacturers of automotive vehicles, batteries, and charging stations are contributing in the sector of electric vehicles market in India.  
•    Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M) Ltd has received the order of 500 electric vehicles from the government. It also joins hands with UBER for the operation of electric vehicles on the taxi aggregator’s platform in India.  
•    Tata Motors Ltd has received the order of 10,000 electric vehicles from the government. It also joins hands with OLA for deployment of electric vehicles on the cab aggregator’s platform in several cities across the country. Tata motors are also going to launch the two well-known models i.e. Tata Nano and Tata Tiago.
The Future of Electric Vehicles In India
•    The first made in India electric bus had launched by Ashok Leyland last year.
•    The e-rickshaw manufacturing company OK play India Ltd is planning to produce e-vehicles from its several manufacturing companies across the country.
•    Tata Power launched Mumbai's first commercial EV charging station
•    Along with the partnership with OLA, Indian Oil has launched the country’s first charging station in Nagpur.

 

Benefits of electric vehicles

Automotive cars running from fossil fuels produce a lot of carbon emissions that mixes with air and make the environment polluted. In order to help our environment, our focus would be on electric vehicles only.  We have listed few advantages of electric vehicles.

•    The running cost of electric vehicles would be very less in comparison to automotive vehicles.  The running cost of these vehicles is approximately 50 paisa per km.
  •    The Most important thing is that the Electric Vehicles could create $300 Billion Domestic Battery Market by 2030 that helps in the creation of jobs opportunities.
  •    The emissions of greenhouse gases can be reduced to a large extent after switching to electric vehicles.
•    Costs required for the maintenance of electric vehicles are very less.

Conclusion

In spite of having several advantages of electric vehicles, the adoption rate is very slow but the government is very optimistic for electric vehicles. In order to address several problems caused by automotive vehicles like pollution, high cost for buying fuels etc. electric vehicles are the only option. Here, we easily conclude that, the future of the transportation would be electric vehicles only. 


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Why are air conditioners harmful for the planet?

In few years before, air conditioners were considered the symbol of luxurious life in the society but now a days it becomes the necessity for the human beings. It is very difficult to stay cool or comfortable without the use of AC. Everybody welcomes the positive of air conditioners but at the same time, it also needs to address the harmful effects of air conditioners on the planet and on the human beings as well.

It is very well known fact that the functioning of AC is to do conditioning of Air. In doing so, they are collecting the heat of the room or closed area and throwing that warm air into the environment. This extra heat increases the temperature of cities that compel the peoples to turn on the AC for more time.
 
air conditioners harmful for the planet

Air conditioner requires the electricity for the functioning and this electricity comes from the power plants. These power plants release the pollutants in the environment especially CO2.  In addition to this, the cooling agents of AC are chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) & hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) are also responsible for global warming. AC releases harmful chemicals to the environment in the situation of leakage as well.

Air conditioners are not only bad to our earth but also for the health of human beings as well. AC is responsible for increasing the symptoms of low blood pressure, arthritis, and neuritis, dry skin, fatigue, inability to deal with the heats of summer etc. Air conditioners are also known to circulate air-borne diseases such as Legionnaire’s Disease, a potentially fatal infectious disease that produces high fever and pneumonia. Due to the continuous use of AC, the filters also start behaving malfunctioning and they pass harmful compounds from the environment to your home or office that are responsible for several types of human allergies related to nose, eye and throat infection.

Some tips that might help in protecting the environment

Though there are few disadvantages of AC to our planet, it becomes the necessity of these days. Whether you are at home or office, it is not practical to sit in the sun scorching summer. What can we do in these circumstances? The solution is to optimize the functioning of your AC. Here are few recommendations to optimize the functioning of your AC at the home.

•    If you are looking to purchase new AC, then go with an Inverter AC, if possible. The cost of Inverter AC is more in comparison to traditional AC, but it will provide the significant savings on your electricity bill in the long run. Also, have a look for energy star ratings, energy efficiency ratio etc.

•    If there is any leakage in the AC, call the technician immediately. The chemicals coming out from the AC due to this leakage is depleting the ozone layer of our environment.

•    Clean the filters of your AC in every two weeks. It ensures the smooth air flow to the coils and cools the room quickly.

•    The amount of time requires to cool your room depends upon several factors like the area of the room, facing of the room towards east or west, number of members in the room etc. It is highly advisable to avoid the frequent opening of door or windows to stop the entry of warm air into the room.

•    Set the temperature of your AC at the comfortable level 24~270 c and avoid the switch on and off of the AC.  Switching on or off of the AC consume more power in comparison to set the temperature at the comfortable level.


Solutions to reduce impact of AC to the environment

In the previous section, we have recommended few methods for optimizing the performance of AC. Organizations and several environment authorities are also working to minimize the effect of AC on the environment. Several types of refrigerants are used in the AC industry till now. The most common types of cooling agents are CFC, HCFC, and HFC etc. These cooling agents are dangerous to our environment and also responsible for the depletion of Ozone layer.

As per latest news, these gases will be phased out from the Indian market very soon and will be replaced by environment-friendly hydrocarbons cooling agents (R-290 & R-600).  The impact of these gases is very less on the environment.

Conclusion

The ac is polluting our environment and it is a very sensitive issue. We need to address it now to make our planet pollution free and healthy. Being a responsible citizen, we can opt for inverter AC with best cooling agents available. We are also very hopeful to see the better solutions due to the advancement of technology.

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Why plastic bags should be banned in India?

Plastic bags are present in all places in the environment. There are several disadvantages of using the plastic bags and due to these disadvantages, it is highly recommended to stop the use of polythene bags in India. In these days, plastic bags have become the part of our life. Whenever we go out to do shopping of fruits, vegetables, groceries etc. we use plastic bags as it is very convenient to use.

 Environment & health of the human beings pay the very high cost of this convenience. It becomes one of the major problems that human are facing these days.  There are several countries in the world which already banned plastic bags.  In India, there are several states which stop the use of plastic bags of less than 50 microns or ban the plastic bags completely but still every day, several tons of plastic wastes are generated that we dump in landfills, water, streets etc.

plastic bags banned in India


What is plastic bags and how it is made?

Plastic bag or polybag is a type of container used to transport the goods like fruits, vegetables, groceries, chemicals etc. It is one of the most common types of packaging and there are several reasons supporting the usage of polybag as packaging material. The most common feature of the plastic bag is its lightweight.  Plastic polybags are also called single-use bags and it is made from polyethylene which consists of chains of ethylene polymers. Natural gas and the petroleum are used to derive the ethylene. 

Top reasons to ban polythene bags in India

There are several disadvantages of using plastic bags in India. We have summarized few important drawbacks of using them

•    The weights of plastic bags are very less and due to their less weight, they can travel long distances either through wind or water.  In this manner, they are polluting both our land and water.

•    Plastic bags are made from polypropylene, a material that is made from non-renewable sources like petroleum and natural gas. The production and extraction of these fuels create greenhouse gases which contribute to global climate change. The energy required to drive a car one kilometre, the same energy required to produce nine plastic bags only.

•    Plastic bags are very dangerous to animals and wildlife. They eat plastic bags in ignorance and due to this, they suffer from several health issues such as infection or even death due to suffocation.

•    Plastic bags are not easy to recycle because it is created from the artificial polymer compound that can survive over a long period of time.

•    Plastic bags are highly flammable in nature. If the plastic exposes to fire, they catch the fire easily. Most bags are made of polypropylene and polyethylene and it generates the large amount of carbon monoxide (CO) in case of fire.

•    Suffocation is one of the leading problems that occur due to the usage of plastic. Since plastic bags are very thin and light in weight, infants often end up blocking their mouths or nostrils if they are not monitored by the adults. It leads to the suffocation or even death in many cases of infants.

Alternative to polythene bags

Due to the ban on plastic bags in India, the transportation of regular items becomes the little bit difficult but there are several alternatives available in the market. We have tried to summarize few options below
•    Steel containers could be used for the transportation of liquids especially milk.
•    Canvas, cloth, jute, and silk can be used as polybag for transportation of regular items like groceries, fruits, vegetables, clothes etc.

plastic bags banned in India


Examples set by Indian states

There are several states in our country which banned the manufacture; stock and sale of plastic carry bags in India. Maharashtra is the latest state in India which banned the use of plastic bags in India.  The population of Maharashtra state is 2nd largest after Uttar Pradesh and it has started to penalize all the peoples found using plastic products including single-use disposable items.

Conclusion

As we know, plastic has become the part of our life but for the developments of our country, we all Indians can give the small contribution by avoiding the use of polythene bags. Yes, I agree, it would be difficult in the starting but if we believe in ourselves, then we can make our nation plastic free.
With the contribution of all citizens of our country, it is highly possible to beat the plastic pollution.

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Why public transport system is important in India ?


Public transport in India is very vital and it is acting as one of the key pillars for the development of our country.  The public transportation system is basically a type of travel where the group of peoples traveling together along the designated routes. The network of public transport in India is very huge and it is connected the entire length and breadth of India.  Public transport is protecting the environment as it helps the country to avoid several problems occurring due  the private carrier on the road. The most common problems due to private carriers are traffic jam, air pollution, more accidents on road, burning of fuels etc.

There are several modes of public transport available in our country such as trains, buses, autos, metro in the cities etc.

public transport system is important in India

In these days especially in metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai etc. Metro train has become the perfect choice for the commuters for their daily traveling. There are several factors supporting the metro train as preferred choice. The most obvious reasons are as follows
  • The cost of traveling is very less.
  • It takes less time for traveling.
  • Frequencies of trains are very good especially in peak hours.
  • Metro trains are eco-friendly.
  • Traveling is very comfortable and safe.

public transport system is important in India 

Network of Public Transportation System

Rail & road network of India is widely spread and connected all the majors’ parts of the country. The rail network is very important for the public transportation in India. The rail network of India is operated by Ministry of Railways and it is the world 3rd largest after the United States and China.
India’s road network is the world 2nd largest network after the United States and it is close to 56 Lakhs km. The national highway of India is an authority responsible for the building and maintenance of national highways. State governments are responsible for the building of state highways.  

public transport system is important in India

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana” is a very famous program launched in 2000 by the Indian government for the development of roads in the rural areas. These roads are managed by the gram panchayats.

What is Private transport & disadvantages of private transport

Private transport is the dominant way of transportation in our country. It includes the traveling by car, bikes, scooter etc.  There are several advantages of private transport like it is safe, saves time, comfortable etc.  But we still believe the losses occurring due to the disadvantages of private transport are much higher than the advantages received from them. 

We have summarized few disadvantages of private transport as mentioned below.
  • Traffic jam is the main problem from the private carrier. It also costs the loss of precious time of the persons when they are heading towards their work. Fuel is also getting wasted due to the traffic jam as more traffic jams cause the burning of more fuels on the road.
  • The number of road accidents increases continuously due to the high numbers of vehicles on the road. Road rages also frequently occur on road due to accidents
  • Parking has also become a major concern for our country as the parking space is shrinking continuously due to the large number of vehicles on the road.
  • Multiple types of pollution such as air pollution, noise pollution are caused by this huge traffic. Several types of diseases such as suffering from ear, nose or throat problem, burning eyes, dizziness, lung infection etc. are very common in human beings due to pollution.    
  • The rise in the number of vehicles on the road is also responsible for global warming.   

 

Advantages of the Public transport system

There are several factors that support the importance of public transport. We have summarized few important factors below.
  • Public transportation produces significantly less air pollution per passenger. Public transportation is much more fuel efficient per passenger in comparison of private transportation.
  • By doing the maximum usage of public transport, burden of the road can be reduced up to some extent.  
  • It also helps in minimizing the traffic jam as one single public vehicle may carry multiple passengers.  

 

Conclusion

The contribution of public transportation system in India is enormous for the individual from both the perspectives i.e. economical and physical health. It provides monetary benefits to societies, and creates not only jobs in the industry, but also a key component of a healthy business ecosystem by increasing mobility options for both job travelers and customers.

After a discussion on both types of transportation, we can conclude that if we opt for the public transportation, we all can contribute to the development of our country.


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Why Small Family is happy Family?

The small family is always a happy family. In a small family, there are parents & one or two kids are included. Now a day’s especially in urban cities, couples are planning to have one or two kids only. The reason behind this thought is the later marriage, effective methods of contraception, girls are focusing for their career and continuous increase in the cost of living and education.

India is the world second largest populated country after China and based on the united nation estimates, the population of India is more than 135 Crores. This over population has become one of the major problems for the developing country like India. A small family is the need of this time especially for a developing country like India. The rate at which our population is increasing, we can easily estimate the scarcity of basic amenities like food, water, clothes, shelter etc. The small family is required not only to avoid the situation of scarcity but also for matching the living standards according to the world.

In 1952, Government had launched the concept of family planning in India. “Hum do hamare do” (We two, our two) is the slogan given by the Indian government to promote the small family as happy family concept in India. The meaning of “We two, our two” is to have only two kids of the married couple. It was launched to promote the awareness in married couple to have two children.

Small Family is happy Family
                                                                                                                                                    

Why Population control is Important

Population control is a technique that limits the population of the country. There are several reasons that support the population control. We have summarized few of them below.

• Basic Requirements like Food, water, clothes etc. are available in the limited quantities on the earth. These resources will exhaust if the population is not under control.

• With the continuous growth in population, humans are using more resources from the environment and due to huge consumption of resources, the health of the environment is also degrading day by day.

 

Government Initiatives for Small families 

The government department which is responsible for formulating and executing the family planning in India is the Ministry of health and family welfare. Government is using an inverted red triangle symbol for family planning and contraceptive services in India.

Small Family is happy Family


The family planning program in India is sponsored by the central government and the central government is provided all possible support to all the states. There are several strategies under the family planning program that need to be implemented at ground level to get the benefits of this initiative. We have summarized few strategies below

• Door to door campaign to promote small family norm.
• 2 child family norms should be practiced.
• Maintain a gap between the births of two children.
• Monetary incentives given to peoples to adopt small family norm.

 

Advantages of Small Families

Though there are few disadvantages of small families, still small family is always a happy family and there are several reasons supporting this fact. We have tried to list down few of them.

• In the small families, parents have better opportunity to spend time with the kids and kids will receive more love and attention from their parents. In this manner, the environment of family becomes happier.


• Every member of your family has a cost. The cost of living would be higher in large families and vice versa. Parents can give healthy and best life to their kids especially in the small families.

There are several other advantages of small families such as low family budget, good quality life, healthy lifestyle and so on. These are the reasons that support the small family as small family is always happy family.

 

Conclusion

It is very important for our country to move towards small family otherwise the quality of life will continue to be far away in comparison of world's living standards. The resources are available in limited quantity and if the population will continuously increase at the rapid rate, the day will come when these resources will not available.

The quality of life is not good in our country as the mass population is chasing very few available resources. It is well-known fact the small percentage of the population of our country is following the world’ living standards but the majority of the population is below the poverty line. In order to achieve the living standards as per the global level, everyone should move towards the small family to become happy family.

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